Korean J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr.  2009 Sep;12(2):120-132.

Diagnosis of Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders with Rome III Criteria in Korean Pediatric and Adolescent Patients: Clinical Usefulness of QPGS

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Eulji University, Seoul, Korea. eomjie@eulji.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
We diagnosed pediatric functional gastrointestinal disorders in Korean children and adolescents using Rome III criteria and investigated the clinical validity of QPGS-Rome III.
METHODS
Diagnosis based on QPGS was compared with the physician's diagnosis based on Rome III criteria. One hundred and thirty eight children and their parents completed the QPGS. Agreement rates were measured using Kappa method.
RESULTS
In physician's diagnoses, the most prevalent disorders were functional dyspepsia (39.1%), irritable bowel syndrome (38.4%), and functional abdominal pain (18.8%). Among QPGS based diagnoses, the most prevalent disorders were irritable bowel syndrome (39.1%), functional dyspepsia (29.7%), and functional abdominal pain (21.7%). The agreement rate was substantial (kappa=0.72, p=0.00). Diagnostic disagreements probably resulted from different patient responses to bowel movement form and bowel frequency.
CONCLUSION
Functional dyspepsia, irritable bowel syndrome, and functional abdominal pain were the most common disorders by Rome III criteria in the Korean pediatric and adolescent patients. The agreement rate between physician's diagnoses and QPGS based diagnoses supported the validity of the QPGS-Rome III in Korean pediatric and adolescent patients. QPGS seems to be useful in diagnosis of patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders by Rome III criteria.

Keyword

Functional gastrointestinal disorders; Rome III criteria; QPGS

MeSH Terms

Abdominal Pain
Adolescent
Child
Dyspepsia
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Humans
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Parents
Rome
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