Korean J Community Nutr.  2015 Aug;20(4):251-258. 10.5720/kjcn.2015.20.4.251.

The Current State of Food Allergy of Preschool Childcare Facilities in Hanam

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Food and Nutrition, College of BioNano Technology, Gachon University, Gyeonggi, Korea. wkcho@gachon.ac.kr
  • 2Hanam Center for Children's Foodservice Management, Gyeonggi, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
The purpose of this study was to investigate how to manage food allergy of pre-school children, focusing on the current status of the food allergy in childcare facilities in Hanam which have less than 100 children.
METHODS
Targeting 159 preschool childcare facilities, survey was carried out for a month in March, 2015. Recovery rate was 66.7%. 106 surveys out of 159 were available for analysis using SPSS statistical program version 19.0.
RESULTS
Among 106 facilities, 58 (54.7%) reported that none of their children had a food allergy and 48 (45.3%) reported one more children had a food allergy. Total number of children having a food allergy was 71. Among them, the occurrences of food allergy in males were significantly more than that of the females (p < 0.001). Further, children under 2 years of age had significantly more food allergy than the other ages (p < 0.001). The allergic inducing foods were nuts (23.3%), egg (17.8%), milk and dairy products (16.4%), fish and shellfish (13.7%), instant foods (12.3%), fruits (8.2%), soybean (4.1%), meat (2.7%), and cereals (1.4%) in order, and 6 children out of 71 were allergic to more than 2 food items. The clinical symptoms of the food allergy were a skin reaction (87.9%) and an oropharyngeal & respiratory reaction (12.1%). Majority of childcare facilities (80.3%) didn't serve alternative foods for children with food allergy. Necessity for food allergy education was significantly higher in facilities with food allergy issues than without such issues.
CONCLUSIONS
The Center for Children's Foodservice Management need to educate workers of childcare facilities and parents about managing food allergy and enforce a plan to provide alternative menu to children with food allergies.

Keyword

food allergy; childcare facilities; center for children's foodservice management

MeSH Terms

Edible Grain
Child
Dairy Products
Education
Female
Food Hypersensitivity*
Fruit
Gyeonggi-do*
Humans
Male
Meat
Milk
Nuts
Ovum
Parents
Shellfish
Skin
Soybeans

Figure

  • Fig. 1 Provision of alternative food


Cited by  2 articles

Food allergic reactions in the community: a questionnaire survey of caregivers
An Deok Seo, Jun Yeol Lee, Song I Yang, Hye Ran Lee, So-Yeon Lee
Allergy Asthma Respir Dis. 2017;5(1):27-33.    doi: 10.4168/aard.2017.5.1.27.

Study on the snack menu pattern, food diversity and satisfaction of parent provided by Center for Children's Foodservice Management in Jeonbuk area
Eun-Byul Sym, Jeong-Ok Rho
J Nutr Health. 2019;52(5):501-513.    doi: 10.4163/jnh.2019.52.5.501.


Reference

1. Seo WH, Jang EY, Han YS, Ahn KM, Jung JT. Management of food allergies in young children at a child care center and hospital in Korean. Pediatr Allergy Respir Dis. 2011; 21(1):32–38.
2. Ahn K. Food allergy: diagnosis and management. Korean J Asthma Allergy Clin Immunol. 2011; 31(3):163–169.
3. Sicherer SH, Sampson HA. Food allergy. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2006; 117(2):S470–S475.
4. Rona RJ, Keil T, Summers C, Gislason D, Zuidmeer L, Sodergren E. The prevalence of food allergy: a metaanalysis. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2007; 120(3):638–646.
5. Bock SA, Munoz-Furlong A, Sampson HA. Further fatalities caused by anaphylactic reactions to food, 2001-2006. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2007; 119(4):1016–1018.
6. Hong SJ, Ahn KM, Lee SY, Kim KE. The prevalences of asthma and allergic diseases in Korean children. Korean J Pediatr. 2008; 51(4):343–350.
7. Yonhapnews. 'Dairy allergy' Youth, brain-dead after eating school meals [Internet] Naver. 2013 Apr 09. Available from: http://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LSD&mid=sec&sid1=102&oid=001&aid=0006194640.
8. Lee SY, Kim KW, Lee HH, Lim DH, Chung HL, Kim SW. Incidence and clinical characteristics of pediatric emergency department visits of children with severe food allergy. Korean J Asthma Allergy Clin Immunol. 2012; 32(3):169–175.
9. Ministry of Education. 2013 Student Health Promotion primary direction [Internet]. 2013. cited 2014 Feb 21. Available from: http://www.moe.go.kr/.
10. Ministry of Health and Welfare. Childcare Business Information. In : Ministry of Health and Welfare; 2014 Mar; Report No. 11-1352000-000191-10.
11. Ministry of Health and Welfare. Childcare Business Information. In : Ministry of Health & Welfare; 2015 Mar; Report No. 11-1352000-000191-10.
12. Korea Childcare Promotion Institute. Korean Childcare Accreditation Information. Korea Childcare Promotion Institute. 2014 Dec. Report No. Korea Childcare Promotion Institute-2014-170.
13. Park JY, Park GY, Han YS, Shin MY. Survey of food allergy in elementary school children in Bucheon-city and relationship between food allergy and other allergic diseases. Allergy Asthma Respir Dis. 2013; 1(3):266–273.
14. Lee HJ. A study on health status and dietary habits among preschool children in Jung-gu [master's thesis]. Seoul: Myongji Universiry;2010.
15. Oh MA. Study on food allergies and dietary behavior and eating habits of the elementary students in Jeonnam [master's thesis]. Chonnam National University: 2015.
16. Simons FER. Anaphylaxis: Recent advances in assessment and treatment. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2009; 124(4):625–636.
17. Simons FER. Anaphylaxis. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2010; 125:Suppl 2. S161–S181.
18. Jeon PK, Kwon JY, Hwang EM, Pyun BY. Survey on the Pattern of Food Intake during early childhood and allergic disease. Pediatr Allergy Respir Dis. 2003; 13(1):33–46.
19. Sampson HA. Food allergy. Part 1: immunopathogenesis and clinical disorders. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1999; 103(5):717–728.
20. Jung YH, Ko H, Kim HY, Seo JH, Kwon JW, Kim BJ. Prevalence and risk factors of food allergy in preschool children in Seoul. Korean J Asthma Allergy Clin Immunol. 2011; 31(3):177–183.
21. Ahn HS, Lee SM, Lee MY, Choung JT. A study of the dietary intakes and causative foods in allergic children. Pediatr Allergy Respir Dis. 1999; 9(1):79–92.
22. Mofidi S. Nutritional management of pediatric food hypersensitivity. Pediatr. 2003; 111:Suppl 3. 1645–1653.
23. Fiocchi A, Martelli A. Dietary management of food allergy. Pediatr Ann. 2006; 35(10):755–756.
24. Kemp AS. Pediatric allergy : principles and practice. J Paediatr Child Health. 2004; 40(3):159.
25. Arshad SH. Food allergen avoidance in primary prevention of food allergy. Allergy. 2001; 56:Suppl 67. 113–116.
26. Kim DS, Ban JS, Park EA, Lee JY, Lee JO, Chang EY. Survey of food allergy in elementary school students in Dongjak-gu using questionnaire. Korean J Asthma Allergy Clin Immunol. 2011; 31(4):254–259.
Full Text Links
  • KJCN
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2022 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr