Exp Mol Med.  2014 Aug;46(8):e109. 10.1038/emm.2014.48.

SPA0355 attenuates ischemia/reperfusion-induced liver injury in mice

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonbuk, Republic of Korea. bhpark@jbnu.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Surgery, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonbuk, Republic of Korea.
  • 3Department of Oral Biochemistry, Wonkwang University, Jeonbuk, Republic of Korea.
  • 4College of Pharmacy, Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. rjeon@sm.ac.kr
  • 5Division of Biotechnology, College of Environmental and Bioresource Sciences, Chonbuk National University, Jeonbuk, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

Hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury leads to oxidative stress and acute inflammatory responses that cause liver damage and have a considerable impact on the postoperative outcome. Much research has been performed to develop possible protective techniques. We aimed to investigate the efficacy of SPA0355, a synthetic thiourea analog, in an animal model of hepatic I/R injury. Male C57BL/6 mice underwent normothermic partial liver ischemia for 45 min followed by varying periods of reperfusion. The animals were divided into three groups: sham operated, I/R and SPA0355 pretreated. Pretreatment with SPA0355 protected against hepatic I/R injury, as indicated by the decreased levels of serum aminotransferase and reduced parenchymal necrosis and apoptosis. Liver synthetic function was also restored by SPA0355 as reflected by the prolonged prothrombin time. To gain insight into the mechanism involved in this protection, we measured the activity of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), which revealed that SPA0355 suppressed the nuclear translocation and DNA binding of NF-kappaB subunits. Concomitantly, the expression of NF-kappaB target genes such as IL-1beta, IL-6, TNF-alpha and iNOS was significantly downregulated. Lastly, the liver antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione were upregulated by SPA0355 treatment, which correlated with the reduction in serum malondialdehyde. Our results suggest that SPA0355 pretreatment prior to I/R injury could be an effective method to reduce liver damage.

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