Int J Oral Biol.  2015 Sep;40(3):135-141. 10.11620/IJOB.2015.40.3.135.

Comparison of Antimicrobial Activity of Electrolyzed Water Using Various Electrodes against Biofilm of Oral Pathogens

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Oral Microbiology and Immunology, College of Dentistry, Dankook University, Cheonan, Republic of Korea. dennisyi@dankook.ac.kr
  • 2Dental Research institute, College of Dentistry, Dankook University, Cheonan, Republic of Korea.
  • 3Department of Periodontology, College of Dentistry, Dankook University, Cheonan, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

Biofilms of oral microbes can cause various diseases in the oral cavity, such as dental caries, periodontitis and mucosal disease. Electrolyzed water generated by an electric current passed via water using a metal electrode has an antimicrobial effect on pathogenic bacteria which cause food poisoning. This study investigated the antimicrobial activity of electrolyzed waters using various metal electrodes on the floatage and biofilms of oral microbes. The electrolyzed water was generated by passing electric current using copper, silver and platinum electrodes. The electrolyzed water has a neutral pH. Streptococcus mutans, Porphyromonas gingivalis and Tannerella forsythia were cultured, and were used to form a biofilm using specific media. The floatage and biofilm of the microbes were then treated with the electrolyzed water. The electrolyzed water using platinum electrode (EWP) exhibited strong antimicrobial activity against the floatage and biofilm of the oral microbes. However, the electrolyzed water using copper and silver electrodes had no effect. The EWP disrupted the biofilm of oral microbes, except the S. mutans biofilm. Comparing the different electrolyzed waters that we created the platinum electrode generated water may be an ideal candidate for prevention of dental caries and periodontitis.

Keyword

electrolyzed water; antimicrobial activity; oral microbes; oral biofilm

MeSH Terms

Bacteria
Biofilms*
Copper
Dental Caries
Electrodes*
Foodborne Diseases
Forsythia
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Mouth
Periodontitis
Platinum
Porphyromonas gingivalis
Silver
Streptococcus mutans
Water*
Copper
Platinum
Silver
Water
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