Int J Oral Biol.  2021 Sep;46(3):111-118. 10.11620/IJOB.2021.46.3.111.

Inhibition of biofilm formation of periodontal pathogens by D-Arabinose

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Oral Microbiology and Immunology, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul 03080, Republic of Korea
  • 2Bone Science R&D Center, OSSTEM IMPLANT Co., Ltd, Seoul 07789, Republic of Korea

Abstract

Periodontitis and periimplantitis are caused as a result of dental biofilm formation. This biofilm is composed of multiple species of pathogens. Therefore, controlling biofilm formation is critical for disease prevention. To inhibit biofilm formation, sugars can be used to interrupt lectin-involving interactions between bacteria or between bacteria and a host. In this study, we evaluated the effect of D-Arabinose on biofilm formation of putative periodontal pathogens as well as the quorum sensing activity and whole protein profiles of the pathogens. Crystal violet staining, confocal laser scanning microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy revealed that D-Arabinose inhibited biofilm formation of Porphyromonas gingivalis, Fusobacterium nucleatum, and Tannerella forsythia. D-Arabinose also significantly inhibited the activity of autoinducer 2 of F. nucleatum and the expression of representative bacterial virulence genes. Furthermore, D-Arabinose treatment altered the expression of some bacterial proteins. These results demonstrate that D-Arabinose can be used as an antibiofilm agent for the prevention of periodontal infections.

Keyword

Periodontal pathogens; Biofilm inhibition; D-Arabinose; Quorum sensing
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