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Inhibition of biofilm formation of periodontal pathogens by D-Arabinose

An SJ, Namkung JU, Ha KW, Jun HK, Kim HY, Choi BK

Periodontitis and periimplantitis are caused as a result of dental biofilm formation. This biofilm is composed of multiple species of pathogens. Therefore, controlling biofilm formation is critical for disease prevention....
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Recent Advances of Therapeutic Targets for the Treatment of Periodontal Disease

Kim WJ, Soh Y, Heo SM

Periodontal disease is primarily associated with bacterial infection such as dental plaque. Dental plaque, an oral biofilm harboring a complex microbial community, can cause various inflammatory reactions in periodontal tissue....
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Effects of Exogenous N-Acyl-Homoserine Lactones on Biofilm Formation and Motility in Acinetobacter nosocomialis

Surendran S, Subhadra B, Woo K, Park HS, Kim DH, Oh MH, Choi CH

One of the major factors contributing to drug resistance in Acinetobacter nosocomialis infections is biofilm development, which is facilitate by quorum-sensing (QS) systems. Quorum sensing by the LuxI and LuxR...
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Thymol Rich Thymbra capitata Essential Oil Inhibits Quorum Sensing, Virulence and Biofilm Formation of Beta Lactamase Producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Qaralleh H

Infections with Pseudomonas aeruginosa are difficult to treat not only because it is often associated with multidrug-resistant infections but also it is able to form biofilm. The aim of this...
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RND efflux pump systems in Acinetobacter, with special emphasis on their role in quorum sensing

Subhadra B, Oh MH, Choi CH

Acinetobacter is an important opportunistic, multidrug resistant pathogen causing majority of nosocomial infections worldwide. The multidrug resistance is attributed by a plethora of efflux pumps and the overexpression of the...
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The Cefazolin Inoculum Effect and the Presence of type A blaZ Gene according to agr Genotype in Methicillin-Susceptible Staphylococcus aureus Bacteremia

Lee SO, Lee S, Park S, Lee JE, Lee SH

BACKGROUND: Recent data suggests the inoculum effect of methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) against beta-lactam antibiotics and their association with functionality or genotypic variation of agr locus. METHODS: MSSA blood isolates were...
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Change of Vibrio vulnificus Metalloprotease VvpE Production by Temperature and Salinity

Kim CM, Shin SH

Vibrio vulnificus, a gram-negative halophilic marine bacterium and opportunistic pathogen, must withstand various environmental changes, especially the simultaneous change of temperature and salinity (SCTS) from 25degrees C/2.5% to 37degrees C/0.9%...
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Anaerobiosis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa: Implications for Treatments of Airway Infection

Yoon SS

Pseudomonas aeruginosa, as an opportunistic pathogen, establishes a chronic infection in the respiratory track of patients suffering from pneumonia and bronchiectasis, including cystic fibrosis. Biofilm formation inside the oversecreted mucus...
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Inhibitory Effect of Pentose on Biofilm Formation by Oral Bacteria

Lee YJ, Baek DH

  • KMID: 1457214
  • Int J Oral Biol.
  • 2010 Dec;35(4):203-207.
A number of bacterial species coexist in oral cavities as a biofilm rather than a planktonic arrangement. By forming an oral biofilm with quorum sensing properties, microorganisms can develop a...
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