Exp Mol Med.  1997 Sep;29(3):183-190.

Active adenosine transporter-mediated adenosine entrance into HL-60 cells leads to the induction of apoptosis through down-regulation of c-Myc

Affiliations
  • 1CATHOLIC UNIV, COLL MED, DEPT BIOCHEM, SEOUL 137701, SOUTH KOREA.
  • 2CATHOLIC UNIV, COLL MED, CATHOLIC RES INST MED SCI, RES INST MOL GENET, SEOUL 137701, SOUTH KOREA.

Abstract

Although adenosine (Ado) is being recently recognized as a potent inducer of apoptosis, molecular mechanism of apoptosis by Ado remains to be elucidated. In this study we observed that c-Myc was rapidly down-regulated in the apoptosis in human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells treated with Ado. To establish the molecular and biochemical mechanisms of apoptosis, we tested the specific effects of several antagonists of Ado receptors or inhibitors of Ado transporter on the induction of apoptosis. Treatment of dipyridamole (DPD), an Ado transport inhibitor, effectively suppressed both c-Myc reduction and DNA fragmentation, suggesting that the induction of apoptosis and down-regulation of c-Myc is mediated by active Ado transporter. It was another evidence supporting the entrance of Ado into cells undergoing apoptosis that Ado cytotoxicity was potentiated by a addition of methylation cycle intermediates. These results suggest that the active Ado transporter-mediated Ado entrance into HL-60 cells leads to the induction of apoptosis through down-regulation of c-Myc.

Keyword

adenosine; adenosine transporter; apoptosis; c-Myc; HL-60 cells

MeSH Terms

Adenosine*
Apoptosis*
Dipyridamole
DNA Fragmentation
Down-Regulation*
HL-60 Cells*
Humans
Leukemia
Methylation
Adenosine
Dipyridamole
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