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Mitochondrial Quality Control in the Heart: New Drug Targets for Cardiovascular Disease

Oh CM, Ryu D, Cho S, Jang Y

Despite considerable efforts to prevent and treat cardiovascular disease (CVD), it has become the leading cause of death worldwide. Cardiac mitochondria are crucial cell organelles responsible for creating energy-rich ATP...
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New Insights on the Mechanisms Affecting Fertility in Men with Non-Seminoma Testicular Cancer before Cancer Therapy

Dias TR, Agarwal A, Pushparaj , Ahmad G, Sharma R

PURPOSE: Patients with non-seminoma testicular cancer (NSTC) cancer can be subfertile or infertile, and present reduced sperm quality, but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. The aim of this study was...
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Mitochondrial Mechanisms in Diabetic Cardiomyopathy

Gollmer J, Zirlik A, Bugger H

Mitochondrial medicine is increasingly discussed as a promising therapeutic approach, given that mitochondrial defects are thought to contribute to many prevalent diseases and their complications. In individuals with diabetes mellitus...
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Prenatal diagnosis of harlequin ichthyosis: a case report

Vijayakumari M, Reddy DK, Routhu M, Vuchuru M, Reddy NS

Harlequin ichthyosis (HI) is a rare and severe form of ichthyosis and is characterized by thickened, hard, armor-like plates of skin that cover the entire body. This disease is caused...
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Effect of Dialysis on Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Transactivating Activity in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease

Kim JT, Kim SH, Min HK, Jeon SJ, Sung SA, Park WH, Lee HK, Choi HS, Pak YK, Lee SY

PURPOSE: Elevated aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) transactivating (AHRT) activity and uremia in chronic kidney disease (CKD) may interact with each other, further complicating the disease course. In this study, we...
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New classes of glaucoma medical treatment

Choi JA

Glaucoma is a progressive degenerative disease of the optic nerve head, characterized by a specific pattern of axonal loss and visual field deterioration. This review aims at introducing the different...
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Anti-malarial Drugs Reduce Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation via Activation of AMPK and Inhibition of Smad3 Signaling

Lee H, Han JH, Kim S, Kim S, Cho DH, Woo CH

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of 2 anti-malarial drugs, chloroquine (CQ) and hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), on inhibition of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation both...
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Traditional and Novel Mechanisms of Heat Shock Protein 90 (HSP90) Inhibition in Cancer Chemotherapy Including HSP90 Cleavage

Park S, Park JA, Jeon JH, Lee Y

HSP90 is a molecular chaperone that increases the stability of client proteins. Cancer cells show higher HSP90 expression than normal cells because many client proteins play an important role in...
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Docosahexaenoic acid reduces adenosine triphosphate-induced calcium influx via inhibition of store-operated calcium channels and enhances baseline endothelial nitric oxide synthase phosphorylation in human endothelial cells

Vu TT, Dieterich , Vu TT, Deussen A

Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), an omega-3-fatty acid, modulates multiple cellular functions. In this study, we addressed the effects of DHA on human umbilical vein endothelial cell calcium transient and endothelial nitric...
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Clinical value of an adenosine triphosphate-based chemotherapy response assay in resectable stage III colorectal cancer

Kim CD, Kim SH, Jung SH, Kim JH

PURPOSE: ATP-based chemotherapy response assay (ATP-CRA) is a well-documented and validated technology that can individualize chemotherapy. This study was undertaken to assess the usefulness of ATP-CRA in advanced colorectal cancer...
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Adenosine Blockage in Tumor Microenvironment and Improvement of Cancer Immunotherapy

Arab S, Hadjati J

Immunotherapy has been introduced into cancer treatment methods, but different problems have restricted the efficacy of these protocols in clinical trials such as the presence of various immunomodulatory factors in...
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Baicalein Inhibits Dextran Sulfate Sodium-induced Mouse Colitis

Zhong X, Surh YJ, Do SG, Shin E, Shim KS, Lee CK, Na HK

BACKGROUND: Baicalein is a bioactive flavone that is originally extracted from the root of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi. This plant has long served as Chinese herbal medicine in the management of...
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Long-term Surgical and Chemical Castration Deteriorates Memory Function Through Downregulation of PKA/CREB/BDNF and c-Raf/MEK/ERK Pathways in Hippocampus

Shin MS, Kim TW, Park SS, Ko IG, Kim CJ, Kim M, Roh SY, Kim KT, Kim KH

PURPOSE: Goserelin is a drug used for chemical castration. In a rat model, we investigated whether surgical and chemical castration affected memory ability through the protein kinase A (PKA)/cyclic adenosine...
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Evaluation of bioenergetic and mitochondrial function in liver transplantation

Martins RM, Teodoro JS, Furtado E, Rolo AP, Palmeira C, Tralhão J

BACKGROUND/AIMS: We measured changes in mitochondrial function and bioenergetics that occur during ischemia/reperfusion in fresh liver samples of patients undergoing liver transplantation. These variations correlated with markers of liver function...
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Effect of Manuka Honey on Transforming Growth Factor Beta-1-Induced Extracelluar Matrix Production in Nasal Polyp Derived Fibroblasts

Kil BK, Kim BM, Kang BJ, Ye MK, Shin SH

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Manuka honey has anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-proliferative action with a high concentration of methylglyoxal compound. It is also effective in killing Staphylococcus aureus biofilm and effective for...
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Clinical and Laboratory Predictors associated with Complicated Scrub Typhus

Kim MH, Kim SH, Choi JH, Wie SH

BACKGROUND: Scrub typhus, a mite-borne disease caused by bites of Orientia tsutsugamushi-infected chiggers, is endemic in Asia-Pacific countries. In Korea, it is a seasonal disease prevalent in autumn and one...
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Inhibition of Indoleamine 2,3-Dioxygenase Enhances the Therapeutic Efficacy of Immunogenic Chemotherapeutics in Breast Cancer

Gao J, Deng F, Jia W

PURPOSE: Breast cancer has become a major public health threat in the current society. Anthracycline doxorubicin (DOX) is a widely used drug in breast cancer chemotherapy. We aimed to investigate...
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Gender difference in the association between brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity and cardiovascular risk scores

Rhee TM, Kim HL, Oh S, Lim WH, Seo JB, Chung WY, Kim SH, Kim MA, Zo JH

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Although brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) has been validated as a novel method to predict the cardiovascular risk in general population, the relevance of baPWV to the traditional risk...
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The survey on the infection control of noncritical instruments used in dental treatment

Kim JH, Lee JH

PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to evaluate the dentist's awareness and the actual status of infection control of noncritical dental instruments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 40 dental clinics in Daejeon,...
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Serum Alanine Aminotransferase Level as a Risk Factor for Coronary Heart Disease Prediction in Koreans: Analysis of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (V-1, 2010 and V-2, 2011)

Kim K, Kim D, Kim KN

BACKGROUND: The blood level of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is associated with increased coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. However, its use as an independent factor for CHD risk prediction remains unclear...
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