Korean J Nutr.  2004 Oct;37(8):623-632.

Effect of Dried Powders or Ethanol Extracts of Onion Flesh and Peel on Lipid Metabolism, Antioxidative and Antithrombogenic Capacities in 16-Month-Old Rats

Affiliations
  • 1Departmant of Foods & Nutritional Sciences, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

This study was performed to investigate effect of dried powder or ethanol extracts of onion flesh and peel intakes on lipid metabolism, antioxidative and antithrombogenic capacities in 16-month -old rats. Total of 40 Sprague-Dawley male rats of 16-month-old and weighing 816 +/- 6 g were blocked into 5 groups according to body weight and raised for three months with control and experimental diets containing 5% (w/w) of dried powders of onion flesh or peel or ethanol extracts from equal amount of each dried powder. Contents of total flavonoids and total dietary fibers in peel powder were highest among onion preparations. Body weight gain and epididymal pad fat weight were lower in peel powder group than other groups. Plasma total lipid, triglyceride and total cholesterol concentrations of onion-containing groups were lower than control group. Above all, peel ethanol extract intake decreased them most remarkably. Plasma HDLcholesterol concentrations in onion-containing groups were higher than control group, especially that of flesh powder group was the highest among groups. Liver total lipid, triglyceride and total cholesterol concentrations were not significantly different among all experimental groups. However, liver total lipid and triglyceride concentrations were tended to be lower in onion-containing groups than control group. Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) concentrations in LDL + VLDL fraction was not significantly affected by onion intakes, However peel powder group showed the lowest concentration, Plasma TXB2 concentrations in onion flesh powder, peel powder and peel ethanol extract groups were lower than control group, while plasma 6-keto-PGF1alpha concentrations in these same groups were higher than control group. Clotting time was tended to be increased in peel ethanol extract group. In conclusion onion diets seemed to improve lipid metabolism and antithrombogenic capacity while effect on antioxidative was not significant.

Keyword

onion; lipid metabolism; antioxidative capacity; antithrombogenic capacity

MeSH Terms

Animals
Body Weight
Cholesterol
Diet
Dietary Fiber
Ethanol*
Flavonoids
Humans
Infant*
Lipid Metabolism*
Liver
Male
Onions*
Plasma
Powders*
Rats*
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances
Triglycerides
Cholesterol
Ethanol
Flavonoids
Powders
Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances
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