Ewha Med J.  2003 Mar;26(1):21-26. 10.12771/emj.2003.26.1.21.

Colonic Adenoma Characteristics in Gynecologic Cancer Patients

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Ewha Womans University College of Medicine, Korea.
  • 2Department of Obstretics and Gynecology, Ewha Womans University College of Medicine, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
In Lynch syndrome II, colon cancer was associated with endometrial and ovarian cancer. The aim of this study was an evaluation for the clinicopathologic characteristics of rectosigmoid adenomas on preoperative sigmoidoscopy in gynecologic cancer patients.
METHODS
A total 187 gynecologic cancer patients(139 cervical, 35 ovarian, 13 endometrial cancer) and 58 normal controls were reviewed sigmoidscopic finding and pathologic reports retrospectively from September 1993 to March 2001.
RESULTS
The mean age of gynecologic cancer patients was 54(38-82) year-old and normal controls was 50(20-68) year-old. Total 26 adenomas were in 21 patients(11.2%) and 3 adenomas were in 3 normal controls(5.2%). The incidence of adenomas was 9.4% in cervical cancer, 8.6% in ovarian cancer and 38.5% in endometrial cancer. Multiple adenomas were in 5 gynecologic cancer patients and 0 normal controls. The incidence of advanced adenoma was 12.5% in cervical cancer, 25.5% in ovarian cancer, 83.5% in endometrial cancer and 33.3% in normal controls. The location of adenoma was 23.1% in rectum and 76.9% in sigmoid colon.
CONCLUSION
The incidence of adenomas and multiple adenomas were higher in gynecologic cancer patients than normal controls but not significantly. The incidence of advanced adenoma and adenomas were significantly higher in endometrial cancer than normal controls. Colonoscopic evaluation of whole colon will be recommanded in gynecologic cancer than sigmoidoscopy.

Keyword

Colonic adenoma; Gynecologic cancer; Lynch syndrome
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