Korean J Anesthesiol.  2003 Apr;44(4):452-461. 10.4097/kjae.2003.44.4.452.

Hormonal Responses during Propofol-Fentanyl-Ketamine Anesthesia Compared with Propofol-Fentanyl-N2O Anesthesia

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Anesthesiology, Ewha Medical Research Center, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea. baikhj@mm.ewha.ac.kr

Abstract

BACKGORUND: The goal was to investigate hormonal responses, propofol dose and hemodynamic responses during propofol-fentanyl-ketamine anesthesia compared with propofol-fentanyl-N2O anesthesia.
METHODS
Twenty adult female patients undergoing total abdominal hysterectomy under general anesthesia were enrolled. They were randomly divided into 2 groups according to anesthetic agents; propofol-fentanyl-N2O for group PFN and propofol-fentanyl-ketamine for group PFK. Target plasma concentrations of propofol were controlled to maintain a bispectral index between 40 and 60. Hemodynamic and hormonal responses (cortisol, prolactin, growth hormone, insulin and glucose) were measured before induction, pre-intubation (only for hemodynamic responses), 2 min after intubation, 2 min after skin incision, at closure of the peritoneum and 5 min after extubation. Administered dose, plasma and effect site concentration of propofol were also evaluated.
RESULTS
Pre-intubation mean arterial pressure (MAP) in group PFK decreased less than that in group PFN significantly (PFK; 88+/-2.9%, PFN; 78+/-2.9%)(P<0.05). There were no significant differences in the administered dose and plasma concentrations of propofol between the two groups. Hormonal responses showed similar changes in both groups except for significant differences in cortisol (PFK; 78+/-3.1%, PFN; 67+/-2.4%) 2 min after skin incision and in insulin (PFK; 225+/-69.5%, PFN; 103+/-21.6%) and glucose (PFK; 127+/-4.5%, PFN; 110+/-5.7%) 5 min after extubation.
CONCLUSiONS
Propofol-fentanyl-ketamine anesthesia can prevent severe decreases in pre-intubation MAP and with respect to hormonal change and required propofol dose, can be a good substitute for propofol-fentanyl-N2O anesthesia.

Keyword

Fentanyl; hemodynamics; hormones; ketamine; nitrous oxide; propofol

MeSH Terms

Adult
Anesthesia*
Anesthesia, General
Anesthetics
Arterial Pressure
Female
Fentanyl
Glucose
Growth Hormone
Hemodynamics
Humans
Hydrocortisone
Hysterectomy
Insulin
Intubation
Ketamine
Nitrous Oxide
Peritoneum
Plasma
Prolactin
Propofol
Skin
Anesthetics
Fentanyl
Glucose
Growth Hormone
Hydrocortisone
Insulin
Ketamine
Nitrous Oxide
Prolactin
Propofol
Full Text Links
  • KJAE
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2022 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr