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Comparative efficacy of three topical anesthetics on 7-11-year-old children: a randomized clinical study

Dasarraju , SVSG N

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the efficacy of three intraoral topical anesthetics in reducing the injection needle prick pain from local anesthetic among children aged 7–11 years old. METHODS: It is a...
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Clinical evaluation of efficacy of transcortical anesthesia for the extraction of impacted mandibular third molars: a randomized controlled trial

Demir E, Ataoglu H

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the pain levels during anesthesia and the efficacy of the QuickSleeper intraosseous (IO) injection system and conventional inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) in impacted...
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Effect of bupivacaine on postoperative pain and analgesics use after single-incision laparoscopic appendectomy: double-blind randomized study

Ha HK, Lee KG, Choi KK, Kim WS, Cho HR

PURPOSE: Local anesthetics can decrease postoperative pain after appendectomy. This study sought to verify the efficacy of bupivacaine on postoperative pain and analgesics use after single-incision laparoscopic appendectomy (SILA). METHODS: Between...
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Aged mice show an increased mortality after anesthesia with a standard dose of ketamine/xylazine

Schuetze S, Manig A, Ribes S, Nau R

Geriatric animal models are crucial for a better understanding and an improved therapy of age-related diseases. We observed a high mortality of aged mice after anesthesia with a standard dose...
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Intraperitoneal nebulization versus intraperitoneal instillation of ropivacaine for postoperative pain management following laparoscopic donor nephrectomy

Kumar R, Nath SS, Agarwal A

BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy is considered less painful than open nephrectomy but is still associated with significant postoperative pain. Studies reported that intraperitoneal instillation of local anesthetics provides uncertain pain...
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Dexmedetomidine: present and future directions

Lee S

Dexmedetomidine is a potent, highly selective α-2 adrenoceptor agonist, with sedative, analgesic, anxiolytic, sympatholytic, and opioid-sparing properties. Dexmedetomidine induces a unique sedative response, which shows an easy transition from sleep...
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Anesthetic management in corticobasal degeneration with central sleep apnea: A case report

Shionoya Y, Nakamura K, Sunada K

Corticobasal degeneration (CBD) is a rare neurodegenerative disease characterized by dystonia, cognitive deficits, and an asymmetric akinetic-rigid syndrome. Little information is available regarding anesthetic management for CBD patients. Our patient...
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An in vivo study comparing efficacy of 0.25% and 0.5% bupivacaine in infraorbital nerve block for postoperative analgesia

Saha A, Shah S, Waknis P, Aher S, Bhujbal P, Vaswani V

BACKGROUND: Pain is an unpleasant sensation ranging from mild localized discomfort to agony and is one of the most commonly experienced symptoms in oral surgery. Usually, local anesthetic agents and...
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Buprenorphine as an adjuvant to local anesthetics in peripheral nerve blocks

Viswanath , Urits I

No abstract available.
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Multimodal analgesia with multiple intermittent doses of erector spinae plane block through a catheter after total mastectomy: a retrospective observational study

Hong B, Bang S, Chung W, Yoo S, Chung J, Kim S

BACKGROUND: Although case reports have suggested that the erector spinae plane block (ESPB) may help analgesia for patients after breast surgery, no study to date has assessed its effectiveness. This...
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The comparison of desflurane and sevoflurane on postoperative hepatic function of infant with biliary atresia undergoing Kasai operation

Lee J, Kim MS, Lee HM, Lee JR, Park JH

BACKGROUND: Biliary atresia is an extrahepatic progressive obliterate cholangiopathy that occurs in infants. Kasai procedure, a surgical method that can help re-establish bile flow from the liver into the intestine,...
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Anesthetic considerations for lung transplantation

Yoo YC

Since the first lung transplantation, developments in surgical techniques, immunosuppressants, preservation solutions, monitoring devices, anesthetic agents, and drugs and devices for hemodynamic support have resulted in improved survival rates after...
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The Author's Response: Evaluation of Propofol in Comparison with Other General Anesthetics for Surgery in Children Younger than 3 Years: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Hong H, Hahn S, Choi Y, Jang MJ, Kim S, Lee JH, Kim HS

No abstract available.
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Letter to the Editor: Is Propofol Good Choice for Procedural Sedation? Evaluation of Propofol in Comparison with Other General Anesthetics for Surgery in Children Younger than 3 Years

Kim SC

No abstract available.
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Cerebrovascular reactivity to hypercapnia during sevoflurane or desflurane anesthesia in rats

Sakata K, Kito K, Fukuoka N, Nagase K, Tanabe K, Iida H

BACKGROUND: Hypercapnia causes dilation of cerebral vessels and increases cerebral blood flow, resulting in increased intracranial pressure. Sevoflurane is reported to preserve cerebrovascular carbon dioxide reactivity. However, the contribution of...
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Perioperative Factors Associated with Severe Pain in Post-Anesthesia Care Unit after Thoracolumbar Spine Surgery: A Retrospective Case-Control Study

Rungwattanakit P, Sondtiruk , Nimmannit , Sirivanasandha B

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case-control study. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of nitrous oxide and anesthetic and operative factors associated with severe pain in the early postoperative period after thoracolumbar spine...
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Propofol Suppresses LPS-Induced Inflammation in Amnion Cells via Inhibition of NF-κB Activation

Yoon JY, Kim DW, Ahn JH, Choi EJ, Kim YH, Jeun M, Kim EJ

BACKGROUND: Preterm labor is a leading risk factor for neonatal death and long-term impairment and linked closely with inflammation. Non-obstetric surgery is occasionally needed during pregnancy and the anesthetic drugs...
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Topical Brimonidine as an Effective Adjuvant to Local Anesthetics for Post Treatment Erythema and Pain Reduction

Kwon HJ, Kim JM, Jeong GJ, Lee SJ, Lee HW, Park KY, Seo SJ

BACKGROUND: There are few pharmacologic options to reduce laser-associated post treatment erythema and to extend topical anesthesia duration. To improve the tolerability of painful laser treatment, dermatologists should encourage development...
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Small dose of naloxone as an adjuvant to bupivacaine in intrapleural infiltration after thoracotomy surgery: a prospective, controlled study

Amer AF, Omara AF

BACKGROUND: Severe pain always develops after thoracotomy; intrapleural regional analgesia is used as a simple, safe technique to control it. This study was performed to evaluate whether a small dose...
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A comparison of clinical performance between i-gel and endotracheal tube in pediatric laparoscopic surgeries

Hong JI, Lee TY, Park SY, Choi SR, Lee SC, Chung CJ, Kim JH

BACKGROUND: The current evidence on the safe use of supraglottic airway for pediatric laparoscopic surgeries is limited. Although i-gel has been successfully used in adult laparoscopic surgeries, to our knowledge,...
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