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Comparative Evaluation of Pregabalin and Clonidine as Preemptive Analgesics for the Attenuation of Postoperative Pain Following Thoracolumbar Spine Surgery

Bala R, Kaur J, Sharma J, Singh R

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled study. PURPOSE: To compare clonidine and pregabalin with placebo for the attenuation of postoperative pain after thoracolumbar spinal surgery and instrumentation OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Spine...
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Programmed intermittent epidural bolus as compared to continuous epidural infusion for the maintenance of labor analgesia: a prospective randomized single-blinded controlled trial

Fidkowski , Shah S, Alsaden MR

BACKGROUND: Programmed intermittent epidural bolus (PIEB) techniques are a new area of interest for maintaining labor analgesia due to the potential to decrease motor block and improve labor analgesia. This...
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Percutaneous Vertebroplasty versus Conservative Treatment Using a Transdermal Fentanyl Patch for Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures

Oh Y, Lee B, Lee S, Kim J, Park J

OBJECTIVE: Although surgical intervention, such as percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP), is the standard treatment for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs), its effectiveness and safety are unclear. Therefore, this study compared the...
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Intraperitoneal nebulization versus intraperitoneal instillation of ropivacaine for postoperative pain management following laparoscopic donor nephrectomy

Kumar R, Nath SS, Agarwal A

BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy is considered less painful than open nephrectomy but is still associated with significant postoperative pain. Studies reported that intraperitoneal instillation of local anesthetics provides uncertain pain...
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Multimodal analgesia with multiple intermittent doses of erector spinae plane block through a catheter after total mastectomy: a retrospective observational study

Hong B, Bang S, Chung W, Yoo S, Chung J, Kim S

BACKGROUND: Although case reports have suggested that the erector spinae plane block (ESPB) may help analgesia for patients after breast surgery, no study to date has assessed its effectiveness. This...
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The effect of gender and age on postoperative pain in laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a prospective observational study

Chae KL, Park SY, Hong JI, Yim WJ, Lee SC, Chung CJ

BACKGROUND: Gender and age are known factors that affect postoperative pain. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of gender and age on postoperative pain and analgesic...
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Postoperative pain control by ultrasound guided brachial plexus block reduces emergence delirium in pediatric patients

Hong B, Jung C, Jo Y, Youn S, Kim Y, Chung W, Yoon SH, Shin HD, Lim CS

BACKGROUND: Pediatric patients awakening from general anesthesia may experience emergence delirium (ED), often due to inadequate pain control. Nerve block completely inhibits innervation of the surgical site and is superior...
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Oxycodone versus Fentanyl for Intravenous Patient-Controlled Analgesia after Laparoscopic Gynecologic Surgery

Kim NS, Kim JE

OBJECTIVE: Oxycodone, a semi-synthetic thebaine derivative opioid, is commonly used for treating moderate to severe pain. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and side effects of...
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Thoracic interfascial plane block for multimodal analgesia after breast lumpectomy

Kim Y, Oh C, Youn S, Yun S, Park H, Lee W, Kim YH, Ko Y, Hong B

BACKGROUND: Thoracic interfascial plane block is useful as a component of multimodal analgesia in patients undergoing mastectomy. However, multimodal analgesia tends not to be provided during lumpectomy as it is...
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The efficacy of vitamin C on postlaparoscopic shoulder pain: a double-blind randomized controlled trial

Moon S, Lim SH, Cho K, Kim MH, Lee W, Cho YH

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the effect of vitamin C on post-laparoscopic shoulder pain (PLSP) in patients undergoing benign gynecological surgery during the first 72 h. METHODS: Sixty patients (aged 20 to...
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Efficacy of the Erector Spinae Plane Block for Lumbar Spinal Surgery: A Retrospective Study

Ueshima H, Inagaki M, Toyone T, Otake H

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. PURPOSE: The first research on the erector spinae plane (ESP) block was published in 2016. To our knowledge, no cohort studies or randomized controlled trials of...
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Sequential intrathecal injection of fentanyl and hyperbaric bupivacaine at different rates: does it make a difference? A randomized controlled trial

Hussien RM, Rabie AH

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that sequential intrathecal injection of fentanyl and hyperbaric bupivacaine for cesarean section (CS) anesthesia provides a superior anesthetic effect than use of bupivacaine alone, and...
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Effects on postoperative nausea and vomiting of nefopam versus fentanyl following bimaxillary orthognathic surgery: a prospective double-blind randomized controlled trial

Choi E, Karm MH, So E, Choi YJ, Park S, Oh Y, Yun HJ, Kim HJ, Seo KS

BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) frequently occurs following bimaxillary orthognathic surgeries. Compared to opioids, Nefopam is associated with lower incidences of PONV, and does not induce gastrointestinal tract injury,...
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Efficacy and Safety of Fentanyl in Combination with Midazolam in Children on Mechanical Ventilation

Lee B, Park JD, Choi YH, Han YJ, Suh DI

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of fentanyl for sedation therapy in mechanically ventilated children. METHODS: This was a double-blind, randomized controlled trial of mechanically ventilated patients between 2 months...
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The analgesic efficacy of the continuous adductor canal block compared to continuous intravenous fentanyl infusion with a single-shot adductor canal block in total knee arthroplasty: a randomized controlled trial

Kim MK, Moon HY, Ryu CG, Kang H, Lee HJ, Shin HY

BACKGROUND: The adductor canal block (ACB) is an effective intervention for postoperative analgesia following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, the ideal ACB regimen has not yet been established. We compared...
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Concurrent Use of Nefopam vs. Ketorolac with Opioid Analgesic for Post-operative Pain Management

Kim YH, Kim YW, Choi KS, Lee JH, Lee E, Kim S, Choi Y, Lee E

OBJECTIVE: To compare the analgesic effects and adverse drug reactions (ADRs) of fentanyl intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (ivPCA) with nefopam, a centrally acting analgesic agent with demonstrated opioid sparing activity, as...
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The Effectiveness of Ultrasound-Guided Thoracic Paravertebral Block for Percutaneous Radiofrequency Ablation of Hepatic Tumors: A Pilot Study

Kim H, Kim Y, Kim BJ, Shin SI, Yim SM, Lee JH

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) for management of pain during and after percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of hepatic tumor. MATERIALS...
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Comparison of the analgesic efficacy of oxycodone and fentanyl after dental surgery

Lee JE, Park CR, Park SS

BACKGROUND: Oxycodone is a strong m-opioid receptor agonist and has a longer duration of analgesic effect than fentanyl. We compared the use of an intravenous (IV) bolus of oxycodone and...
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Awake fiberoptic nasotracheal intubation for patients with difficult airway

Tsukamoto , Hitosugi T, Yokoyama T

Awake fiberoptic nasotracheal intubation is a useful technique, especially in patients with airway obstruction. It must not only provide sufficient anesthesia, but also maintain spontaneous breathing. We introduce a method...
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Comparison of the efficacy of a combination of high dose metoclopramide and dexamethasone, with that of haloperidol, midazolam and dexamethasone, for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting in laparoscopic gynecologic surgery

Jee YS, Yoon HJ, Park YS, Kim DW

BACKGROUND: This prospective randomized double-blinded study was designed to compare the efficacy of a combination of high dose metoclopramide and dexamethasone with that of haloperidol, midazolam and dexamethasone, for the...
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