Immune Netw.  2002 Jun;2(2):86-90. 10.4110/in.2002.2.2.86.

High Frequencies of the CCR2b-64I and SDF1-3'A Mutations with HIV Infection in Koreans

Affiliations
  • 1Center for AIDS Research, Department of Virology, National Institute of Health, Korea. jooshil@nih.go.kr
  • 2The Graduate School of Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Host genetic polymorphisms in the HIV-1 co-receptor CCR5 and CCR2b and SDF-1, ligand for co-receptor CXCR4, have been known to be associated with the resistance of HIV infection and/or the delayed disease progression in HIV-infected patients.
METHODS
We examined the frequencies of SDF1-3'A and CCR2b-64I alleles of 354 Koreans including 100 HIV-uninfected persons, 13 discordant spouses of HIV-infected persons, and 241 HIV-infected persons. The genotyping assays of SDF1 and CCR2b genes were carried out by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism.
RESULTS
The frequencies of CCR2b-64I and SDF1-3'A alleles in Koreans were very high compared with Caucasians and blacks. Observed frequencies of CCR2b-64I and SDF1-3'A allelic variants were 25.1% and 28.7%, respectively. The frequency of the CCR2b-64I allele in Koreans was 2~4 times higher than those of other ethnic groups with the exception of Asian. The frequencies of CCR2b-64I and SDF1- 3'A genotypes did not show the significant difference between HIV-infected and uninfected Koreans. However, the prevalence of CCR2b-64I genotype of the LTNP group was about two times higher than that of the remainder group (P < 0.05). Four (45%) out of 9 LTNPs (long-term nonprogressors) showed having the SDF1-3'A allele and 7 (78%) out of 9 LTNPs carried the CCR2b-64I allele. 3 (33%) out of 9 LTNPs had both SDF1-3'A and CCR2b-64I alleles. But none of 5 RPs (rapid progressors) appeared to have both SDF1-3'A and CCR2b-64I alleles.
CONCLUSION
The different genetic backgrounds in study populations may affect the disease progression and the AIDS epidemic in each country. Further studies need to define whether high frequencies of CCR2b-64I and SDF1-3'A allelic variants may affect the HIV disease progression.

Keyword

Genetic polymorphism; CCR2b-64I allele; SDF1-3'A allele; long-term nonprogressor; HIV; Korean

MeSH Terms

African Continental Ancestry Group
Alleles
Asian Continental Ancestry Group
Chemokine CXCL12*
Disease Progression
Ethnic Groups
Genotype
HIV Infections*
HIV*
HIV-1
Humans
Polymorphism, Genetic
Prevalence
Spouses
Chemokine CXCL12
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