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The Role of Peroxiredoxin Family in Cancer Signaling

Kim Y, Jang HH

Peroxiredoxins (Prxs) are antioxidant enzymes that protect cells from oxidative stress by reducing intracellular accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In mammalian cells, the six Prx isoforms are ubiquitously expressed...
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Dexamethasone Downregulates Expressions of 14-3-3β and γ-Isoforms in Mice with Eosinophilic Meningitis Caused by Angiostrongylus cantonensis Infection

Tsai HC, Chen YH, Yen CM, Chung LY, Wann SR, Lee SS, Chen YS

Steroids are commonly used in patients with eosinophilic meningitis caused by A. cantonensis infections. The mechanism steroids act on eosinophilic meningitis remains unclear. In this mouse experiments, expressions of 14-3-3...
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Galectin-4 Interaction with CD14 Triggers the Differentiation of Monocytes into Macrophage-like Cells via the MAPK Signaling Pathway

Hong SH, Shin JS, Chung H, Park CG

Galectin-4 (Gal-4) is a β-galactoside-binding protein mostly expressed in the gastrointestinal tract of animals. Although intensive functional studies have been done for other galectin isoforms, the immunoregulatory function of Gal-4...
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Pan-Pim Kinase Inhibitor AZD1208 Suppresses Tumor Growth and Synergistically Interacts with Akt Inhibition in Gastric Cancer Cells

Lee M, Lee KH, Min A, Kim J, Kim S, Jang H, Lim JM, Kim SH, Ha DH, Jeong WJ, Suh KJ, Yang YW, Kim TY, Oh DY, Bang YJ, Im SA

PURPOSE: Pim kinases are highly conserved serine/threonine kinases, and different expression patterns of each isoform (Pim-1, Pim-2, and Pim-3) have been observed in various types of human cancers, including gastric...
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EF-hand like Region in the N-terminus of Anoctamin 1 Modulates Channel Activity by Ca²⁺ and Voltage

Tak MH, Jang Y, Son WS, Yang YD, Oh U

Anoctamin1 (ANO1) also known as TMEM16A is a transmembrane protein that functions as a Ca²⁺ activated chloride channel. Recently, the structure determination of a fungal Nectria haematococca TMEM16 (nhTMEM16) scramblase...
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A Multi-institutional Study of Prevalence and Clinicopathologic Features of Non-invasive Follicular Thyroid Neoplasm with Papillary-like Nuclear Features (NIFTP) in Korea

Seo JY, Park JH, Pyo JY, Cha YJ, Jung CK, Song DE, Kwak JJ, Park SY, Na HY, Kim JH, Seok JY, Kim HS, Hong SW

BACKGROUND: In the present multi-institutional study, the prevalence and clinicopathologic characteristics of non-invasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP) were evaluated among Korean patients who underwent thyroidectomy for...
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Diagnostic Significance of p38 Isoforms (p38α, p38β, p38γ, p38δ) in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Comparative Serum Level Evaluation and Design of Novel Peptide Inhibitor Targeting the Same

Sahu V, Nigam L, Agnihotri , Gupta A, Shekhar S, Subbarao N, Bhaskar S, Dey S

PURPOSE: The p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPKs) play a crucial role in the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and over-expression of it increase cytokines which promote cancer. Among four isoforms, p38α...
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The expression of two isoforms of matrix metalloproteinase-2 in aged mouse models of diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease

Rhee H, Han M, Kim SS, Kim IY, Lee HW, Bae SS, Ha HK, Jung ES, Lee MY, Seong EY, Lee DW, Lee SB, Lovett DH, Song SH

BACKGROUND: This study was undertaken to explore the effects of aging on the kidneys in mouse models of diabetes and chronic kidney disease (CKD), and to compare the expression of...
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Effect of rs3910105 in the Synuclein Gene on Dopamine Transporter Availability in Healthy Subjects

Seo Y, Pak K, Nam HY, Seok JW, Lee MJ, Kim EJ, Lee JM, Kim SJ, Kim IJ

PURPOSE: The present study investigated associations between dopamine transporter (DAT) availability and α-synuclein levels in cerebrospinal fluid, as well as synuclein gene (SNCA) transcripts, and the effect of single nucleotide...
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TGF-β induces Smad2 Phosphorylation, ARE Induction, and Trophoblast Differentiation

Albers RE, Selesniemi K, Natale DR, Brown TL

BACKGROUND: Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) signaling has been shown to control a large number of critical cellular actions such as cell death, differentiation, and development and has been implicated...
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Clusterin Induces MUC5AC Expression via Activation of NF-κB in Human Airway Epithelial Cells

Bae CH, Na HG, Choi YS, Song SY, Kim YD

OBJECTIVES: Clusterin (CLU) is known as apolipoprotein J, and has three isoforms with different biological functions. CLU is associated with various diseases such as Alzheimer disease, atherosclerosis, and some malignancies....
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Silencing Histone Deacetylase 7 Alleviates Transforming Growth Factor-β1-Induced Profibrotic Responses in Fibroblasts Derived from Peyronie's Plaque

Kang DH, Yin GN, Choi MJ, Song KM, Ghatak K, Minh NN, Kwon MH, Seong DH, Ryu JK, Suh JK

PURPOSE: Epigenetic modifications, such as histone acetylation/deacetylation and DNA methylation, play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory disorders and fibrotic diseases. The aim of this study was to...
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Primary Autosomal Recessive Distal Renal Tubular Acidosis Caused by a Common Homozygous SLC4A1 Mutation in Two Lao Families

Park E, Phaymany V, Yi ES, Phangmanixay S, Cheong HI, Choi Y

Primary distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA) caused by mutations of the SLC4A1 gene, which encodes for erythroid and kidney isoforms of anion exchanger, shows marked difference in inheritance patterns and...
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Comparative Characterization of Four Calcium-Binding EF Hand Proteins from Opisthorchis viverrini

Emmanoch P, Kosa N, Vichasri-Grams S, Tesana S, Grams R, Geadkaew-Krenc A

Four isoforms of calcium binding proteins containing 2 EF hand motifs and a dynein light chain-like domain in the human liver fluke Opisthorchis viverrini, namely OvCaBP1, 2, 3, and 4,...
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Hydroquinone suppresses IFN-β expression by targeting AKT/IRF3 pathway

Kim Y, Kim HG, Han SY, Jeong D, Yang WS, Kim JI, Kim JH, Yi YS, Cho JY

Previous studies have demonstrated the role of hydroquinone (HQ), a hydroxylated benzene metabolite, in modulating various immune responses; however, its role in macrophage-mediated inflammatory responses is not fully understood. In...
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Immunohistochemical localization of glucose transporter 1 and 3 in the scrotal and abdominal testes of a dog

Hahn KR, Jung HY, Yoo DY, Kim JW, Kim YH, Jo YK, Kim GA, Chung JY, Choi JH, Hwang IK, Jang G, Yoon YS

Glucose is essential for testicular function; the uptake of carbohydrate-derived glucose by cells is mediated by glucose transporters (GLUTs). In the present study, we investigated the activity of GLUT1 and...
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Role of carbonic anhydrases in skin wound healing

Barker H, Aaltonen M, Pan P, Vähätupa M, Kaipiainen P, May U, Prince S, Uusitalo-Järvinen H, Waheed A, Pastoreková S, Sly WS, Parkkila S, Järvinen

Skin wound closure occurs when keratinocytes migrate from the edge of the wound and re-epithelialize the epidermis. Their migration takes place primarily before any vascularization is established, that is, under...
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Recent Insights into Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 2 Transcriptional Regulation

Shin M, Kang HS, Park JH, Bae JH, Song DK, Im SS

Insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs) are major regulators of insulin-like growth factor bioavailability and activity in metabolic signaling. Seven IGFBP family isoforms have been identified. Recent studies have shown...
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Interleukin-32 Gamma as a New Face in Inflammatory Bone Diseases

Lee EJ, Choi B, Hwang ES, Chang EJ

Interleukin-32 (IL-32), a recently identified pro-inflammatory cytokine, is involved in the pathogenesis and progression of infections, cancer, chronic inflammation, and autoimmune disease. IL-32γ is the most active isoform in cell...
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A Case of Ankyloblepharon-Ectodermal Defect-Cleft Lip and/or Palate (AEC) Syndrome with Missense Mutation in TP63 1657(th)

Kim YS, Hwang TH, Park SJ, Lee HJ, Kim SH, Kim CH, Lee JH, Lee JS, Choi S

Ankyloblepharon-ectodermal defects-cleft lip and/or palate (AEC) syndrome, also known as Hay-Wells syndrome, is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by congenital ectodermal dysplasia. It is caused by mutations in p63...
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