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Prescription of antibiotics after tooth extraction in adults: a nationwide study in Korea

Choi YY

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to understand the nationwide patterns of antibiotic prescription after tooth extraction in adult patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study analyzed dental records from the National Health Insurance...
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Clindamycin-doxycycline-metronidazole combination therapy in a refractory canine babesiosis case

An HM, Song JH, An SJ, Yu DH, Han D, Kim YJ, Jung DI

An 8-year-old castrated male Maltese dog (patient) was referred to our institute with refractory canine babesiosis. The patient had previously responded to conventional treatment with atovaquone and azithromycin; however, anemia...
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Ten-Day Concomitant, 10-Day Sequential, and 7-Day Triple Therapy as First-Line Treatment for Helicobacter pylori Infection: A Nationwide Randomized Trial in Korea

Kim BJ, Lee H, Lee YC, Jeon SW, Kim GH, Kim HS, Sung JK, Lee DH, Kim HU, Park MI, Choi IJ, Yoon SM, Kim SW, Baik GH, Lee JY, Kim JI, Kim SG, Kim J, Lee J, Kim JG, Kim JJ, Korean College of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This nationwide, multicenter prospective randomized controlled trial aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of 10-day concomitant therapy (CT) and 10-day sequential therapy (ST) with 7-day clarithromycin-containing triple therapy...
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Management of Antibiotic-Resistant Helicobacter pylori Infection: Perspectives from Vietnam

Van Khien , Thang DM, Hai TM, Duat NQ, Khanh PH, Ha DT, Binh TT, Dung HD, Trang TT, Yamaoka Y

Antibiotic resistance is the most important factor leading to the failure of eradication regimens. This review focuses on the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori primary and secondary resistance to clarithromycin, metronidazole,...
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Can Aminoglycosides Be Used as a New Treatment for Helicobacter pylori? In vitro Activity of Recently Isolated Helicobacter pylori

Lee KH, Park SY, Jeong SJ, Jung DH, Kim JH, Jeong SH, Kang IM, Song YG

BACKGROUND: Smectite can serve as a drug delivery system and gentamicin-intercalated smectite hybrids are expected to supersede the standard therapy for Helicobacter pylori eradication. The aim of this study was...
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Intestinal Spirochetosis: A Case Series and Review of the Literature

Lemmens R, Devreker T, Hauser B, Degreef E, Goossens A, Vandenplas Y

A clinical suspicion of intestinal spirochetosis is required when patients have long lasting complaints of abdominal pain, diarrhea, rectal bleeding, weight loss, and nausea. An endoscopy with biopsies needs to...
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Antimicrobial Susceptibility Patterns of Anaerobic Bacterial Clinical Isolates From 2014 to 2016, Including Recently Named or Renamed Species

Byun JH, Kim M, Lee Y, Lee K, Chong Y

BACKGROUND: Anaerobic bacterial resistance trends may vary across regions or institutions. Regional susceptibility patterns are pivotal in the empirical treatment of anaerobic infections. We determined the antimicrobial resistance patterns of...
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Eradication Rates of 10-day Sequential Therapy for Helicobacter pylori: Results of an 8-year Prospective Study Conducted at a Tertiary Korean Hospital

Yoon K, Kim N

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication rate of standard triple therapy is unsatisfactory in Korea, and sequential therapy (SQT) has been suggested to be a practical first-line alternative regimen....
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Clinical Usefulness of Prophylactic Metronidazole after Head and Neck Cancer Surgery

Choi IH, Lee H, Kim YC, Jung KY, Baek SK

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Head and neck cancer surgery has a high risk of infection, because surgical fields are exposed to the oral cavity and the pharynx during surgery. The purpose...
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Drug Use Evaluation of Clostridium difficile Infection in Elderly Patients and Risk Factors of Non-improving Group

Noh HJ, Ham JY, Lee JG, Rhie SJ

OBJECTIVE: Clostridium difficile Infection (CDI) is one of the common nosocomial infections. As elderly population increases, the proper treatment has been emphasized. We investigated the risk factors associated with CDI...
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A Case of Metronidazole-Induced Encephalopathy: Atypical Involvement of the Brain on MRI

Hwang E, Chang SK, Lee SA, Choi JA

Metronidazole is an antimicrobial agent widely used for the treatment of anaerobic infection or antibiotics-associated diarrhea. It is generally thought to be safe, but can induce reversible toxic encephalopathy in...
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Revitalization of necrotic mature permanent incisors with apical periodontitis: a case report

Nagas E, Uyanik MO, Cehreli ZC

Despite considerable focus on the regenerative endodontic treatment of immature teeth with necrotic infected pulps and apical periodontitis, little data exist with regard to its possible implementation in necrotic permanent...
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Triple antibiotic paste: momentous roles and applications in endodontics: a review

Parhizkar , Nojehdehian H, Asgary S

This study investigated the latest findings and notions regarding ‘triple antibiotic paste’ (TAP) and its applications in dentistry, particularly endodontics. TAP is a combination of 3 antibiotics, ciprofloxacin, metronidazole, and...
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Retention of BioAggregate and MTA as coronal plugs after intracanal medication for regenerative endodontic procedures: an ex vivo study

Amin SA, Gawdat SI

OBJECTIVES: This study compared the retention of BioAggregate (BA; Innovative BioCeramix) and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA; Angelus) as coronal plugs after applying different intracanal medications (ICMs) used in regenerative endodontics. MATERIALS...
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Preserved Efficacy of Oral Metronidazole for Severe Clostridium difficile Infection

Yu SN, Lee EJ

OBJECTIVE: Although clinical practice guidelines recommend oral vancomycin for hospitalized patients with severe Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), oral metronidazole is still the preferred regimen due to its tolerability and low...
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Comparison of the efficacy of amoxicillin-clavulanic acid with metronidazole to azithromycin with metronidazole after surgical removal of impacted lower third molar to prevent infection

Sayd S, Vyloppilli S, Kumar K, Subash P, Kumar N, Raseel S

OBJECTIVES: The goal of the study was to investigate the clinical effects of amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (500+125 mg) with metronidazole 400 mg administered three times daily (Group I) versus azithromycin 500...
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Metronidazole Induced Encephalopathy with Irreversible Course

Yi S, Park H

No abstract available.
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Metronidazole-Induced Encephalopathy with Thiamine Deficiency

Kim RY, Lee DS, Gwag BC, Lee YK, Cheon SM, Jeong JH

Metronidazole-induced encephalopathy (MIE) can be caused by excessive dose or prolonged metronidazole administration. The signal abnormalities in the cerebellar dentate nuclei, midbrain, dorsal pons and corpus callosum on magnetic resonance...
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Outcome of Regenerative Endodontic Treatment for an Avulsed Immature Permanent Tooth: A Case Report

Park N, Song J

Dental avulsion, defined as the complete displacement of a tooth from the alveolar bone with consequent loss of the blood and nerve supply, was reported as one of the most...
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Prevalence, toxin gene profile, antibiotic resistance, and molecular characterization of Clostridium perfringens from diarrheic and non-diarrheic dogs in Korea

Chon JW, Seo KH, Bae D, Park JH, Khan S, Sung K

Clostridium perfringens causes diarrhea and other diseases in animals and humans. We investigated the prevalence, toxin gene profiles, and antibiotic resistance of C. perfringens isolated from diarrheic dogs (DD) and...
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