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The association of potassium intake with bone mineral density and the prevalence of osteoporosis among older Korean adults

Ha J, Kim SA, Lim K, Shin S

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Osteoporosis is characterized by low bone mass and results in vulnerability to fracture. Calcium and vitamin D are known to play an important role in bone health. Recently, potassium...
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A comparison of 6 osteoporosis risk assessment tools among postmenopausal women in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Toh LS, Lai PS, Wu DB, Bell BG, Dang CP, Low BY, Wong KT, Guglielmi , Anderson C

OBJECTIVES: To compare and assess the performance of 6 osteoporosis risk assessment tools for screening osteoporosis in Malaysian postmenopausal women. METHODS: Six osteoporosis risk assessments tools (the Simple Calculated Osteoporosis Risk...
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Relationship between the Progression of Kyphosis in Thoracolumbar Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings

Jun DS, Baik JM, Kwon HM

PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between the progression of a kyphotic deformity and the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in conservatively treated osteoporotic thoracolumbar compression fracture patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This...
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Simultaneous Estimation of the Fat Fraction and Râ‚‚* Via Tâ‚‚*-Corrected 6-Echo Dixon Volumetric Interpolated Breath-hold Examination Imaging for Osteopenia and Osteoporosis Detection: Correlations with Sex, Age, and Menopause

Kim D, Kim SK, Lee SJ, Choo HJ, Park JW, Kim KY

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships of T2 *-corrected 6-echo Dixon volumetric interpolated breath-hold examination (VIBE) imaging-based fat fraction (FF) and R2 * values with bone mineral density (BMD); determine their associations with...
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Effects of Parity and Breastfeeding Duration on Bone Density in Postmenopausal Women

Lee EN

PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify the effect of parity and breastfeeding duration and the occurrence of lumbar vertebral and femoral neck osteoporosis in Korean postmenopausal women. METHODS: This study analyzed...
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Increased Risk of Osteoporosis in Gastric Cancer Survivors Compared to General Population Control: A Study with Representative Korean Population

Jeong SM, Shin DW, Lee JE, Jin SM, Kim S

PURPOSE: Although several studies have suggested that osteoporosis is common in survivors of gastric cancer (GC), no study to date has directly assessed the risk for osteoporosis in GC survivors...
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Association between Body Fat and Bone Mineral Density in Normal-Weight Middle-Aged Koreans

Kim DH, Lim H, Chang S, Kim JN, Roh YK, Choi MK

BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis and osteopenia are characterized by reduced bone mineral density (BMD) and increased fracture risk. Although the risk of fractures is higher in underweight people than in overweight people,...
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Risks and benefits of menopausal hormone therapy

Yoon BK

Menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) was widely used to improve quality of life by controlling menopausal symptoms, including vasomotor symptoms and urogenital atrophy. Furthermore, observational studies consistently reported beneficial effects of...
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Effects of Thyrotropin Suppression on Bone Health in Menopausal Women with Total Thyroidectomy

Kim EH, Jeon YK, Pak K, Kim IJ, Kim SJ, Shin S, Kim BH, Kim SS, Lee BJ, Lee JG, Goh TS, Kim K

BACKGROUND: This study examined the change in the trabecular bone score (TBS), areal bone mineral density (aBMD), and osteoporosis in postmenopausal women who underwent thyrotropin (TSH)-suppressive therapy for treating papillary...
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Effect of Vitamin D on Bone Mineral Density Changes in Patients with Breast Cancer Receiving Adjuvant Aromatase Inhibitor Therapy

Park SH, Kim EY, Park CH

PURPOSE: We assessed bone mineral density (BMD) changes with aromatase inhibitor (AI) treatment in women with breast cancer and determined whether BMD T-scores changed with vitamin D supplementation. METHODS: This single-center,...
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Efficacy of zoledronic acid in older prostate cancer patients undergoing androgen deprivation therapy

Kojima I, Naito Y, Yamamoto A, Terashima , Sho N, Nagayama J, Okada Y, Nagai T

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of annual zoledronic acid treatment in Japanese patients with nonmetastatic prostate cancer during androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). METHODS: This is...
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Effect of bisphosphonate on temporomandibular joint in osteopenia-induced rats by botulinum toxin A injection on masticatory muscle: a preliminary study

Kim JY, Kim DH, Jang HW, Park KH, Huh JK

BACKGROUND: Botulinum toxin injection on the masticatory muscle induces the osteopenic condition on the ipsilateral condyle. Bisphosphonate suppresses bone resorption and is used to treat osteopenic or osteoporotic condition. This...
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Bone mineral density assessment for research purpose using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry

Kim HS, Jeong ES, Yang MH, Yang SO

Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) has become the most common method for measuring bone mineral density (BMD) of small animals in metabolic bone disease research, and errors should be minimized...
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Increased Bone Mineral Density after Abstinence in Male Patients with Alcohol Dependence

Song TH, Shim JC, Jung DU, Moon JJ, Jeon DW, Kim SJ, Oh MK

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the bone mineral density of male patients with alcohol dependence with that in healthy controls and to assess changes in bone density after abstinence. METHODS:...
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Relationship between Bone Density, Eating Habit, and Nutritional Intake in College Students

Lim HS, Ji SI, Hwang H, Kang J, Park YH, Lee HH, Kim TH

BACKGROUND: The importance of bone health is emphasized throughout the life cycle. Young adults have problems with bone health due to irregular lifestyle and unbalanced diet, but studies related to...
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Dental Panoramic Radiographic Indices as a Predictor of Osteoporosis in Postmenopausal Saudi Women

Balto KA, Gomaa MM, Feteih RM, AlAmoudi N, Elsamanoudy AZ, Hassanien , Ardawi MS

BACKGROUND: Many oral presentations of osteoporosis-a bone metabolic disease-were recorded. Thus, we aimed to assess panoramic radiomorphometric indices with bone mineral density (BMD) values among Saudi postmenopausal women and its...
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Maintenance Dose of Vitamin D: How Much Is Enough?

Sadat-Ali , Al-Anii FM, Al-Turki H, AlBadran A, AlShammari SM

BACKGROUND: It is still unclear the ideal vitamin D dosage once the deficiency and insufficiency is treated. Once deficiency was corrected we prospectively treated patients with 2,000 IU of vitamin...
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Prevalence of osteoporosis and osteopenia in an apparently healthy Indian population - a cross-sectional retrospective study

Kaushal N, Vohora D, Jalali RK, Jha S

OBJECTIVES: An understanding of bone mineral density (BMD) pattern in a population is crucial for prevention and diagnosis of osteoporosis and management of its complications in later life. This study...
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Clinical Implication of Sarcopenia in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Kim SE

Recent studies have shown that inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients are affected by altered body composition, especially low muscle mass or sarcopenia. Detection of sarcopenia is important, as it can...
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The Role of Vitamin D in the Pathogenesis of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

Ng SY, Bettany-Saltikov J, Cheung IY, Chan KK

Several theories have been proposed to explain the etiology of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) until present. However, limited data are available regarding the impact of vitamin D insufficiency or deficiency...
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