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Sex-, growth pattern-, and growth status-related variability in maxillary and mandibular buccal cortical thickness and density

Schneider , Gandhi V, Upadhyay M, Allareddy , Tadinada A, Yadav S

OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to quantitatively analyze the bone parameters (thickness and density) at four different interdental areas from the distal region of the canine to...
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Potential Biomarkers to Improve the Prediction of Osteoporotic Fractures

Kim BJ, Lee SH, Koh JM

Osteoporotic fracture (OF) is associated with high disability and morbidity rates. The burden of OF may be reduced by early identification of subjects who are vulnerable to fracture. Although the...
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Paget's Disease of Bone Affecting Peripheral Limb: Difficulties in Diagnosis: A Case Report

Lee JK, Kang YK, Wang PW, Hong SM

In terms of management of Paget's disease of bone (PDB), early diagnosis and proper management achieving remission is essential with lifelong specialist follow-up. We present the case of a 40-year-old...
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Reference Intervals for Bone Turnover Markers in Korean Healthy Women

Cho DH, Chung JO, Chung MY, Cho JR, Chung DJ

BACKGROUND: Adequate suppression of bone turnover rate is important to decrease fracture risk without mineralization defect due to oversuppression. This study was performed to determine reference intervals (RIs) for 2...
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Diagnosis and Treatment of Brown Tumor

Cho YJ, Cho YM, Na SM, Jung ST

PURPOSE: Brown tumor is a tumor-like disease that can occur as a linked disease of hyperparathyroidism which can causes osteoporosis, osteitis fibrosa cystica, pathologic fractures. Brown tumor has been reported...
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The association of potassium intake with bone mineral density and the prevalence of osteoporosis among older Korean adults

Ha J, Kim SA, Lim K, Shin S

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Osteoporosis is characterized by low bone mass and results in vulnerability to fracture. Calcium and vitamin D are known to play an important role in bone health. Recently, potassium...
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Clinical effect of porous titanium mesh with cross-linked collagen membrane for guided bone regeneration

Jung SH, Chang HY, You HK, Pi SH

Titanium mesh, a barrier membrane, has excellent mechanical properties and space maintaining ability. However, one of its disadvantages is that soft tissue over the membrane could be interposed through the...
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The Relationship of Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio and Platelet-Lymphocyte Ratio with Bone Mineral Density in Korean Postmenopausal Women

Lee SH, Ryu SY, Park J, Shin MH, Han MA, Choi SW

The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are known to be markers of the systemic inflammatory response. However, the few studies that have been done...
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Percutaneous Vertebroplasty versus Conservative Treatment Using a Transdermal Fentanyl Patch for Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures

Oh Y, Lee B, Lee S, Kim J, Park J

OBJECTIVE: Although surgical intervention, such as percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP), is the standard treatment for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs), its effectiveness and safety are unclear. Therefore, this study compared the...
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Prognostic Factors and Clinical Outcomes after Treatment of Periprosthetic Femoral Fractures Using a Cable-plate

Kang JS, Moon KH, Ko BS, Roh TH, Na Y, Youn YH, Park JH

PURPOSE: To analyze prognostic factors for the treatment of periprosthetic femoral fractures (PFFs) using the cable-plate construct. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of a consecutive series of 41 PFFs treated...
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Effects of Parity and Breast Feeding Duration on the Risk of Osteoporosis in Postmenopausal Korean Women: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Lee EN, Choe SY, Choi EH, Lee MJ

OBJECTIVES: To summarize the evidence regarding the association of parity and breast feeding duration with the risk of osteoporosis in postmenopausal Korean women. This was because studies have been inconsistent...
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Influence of Supplementary Vitamin D on Bone Mineral Density When Used in Combination with Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators

Liu HJ, Kim SA, Shim DJ, Jung JM, Lee EJ

OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D is regarded as one of the major nutrients that significantly influence bone metabolism. This study aims to look at the effect of supplementary vitamin D on bone...
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Effects of Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate on Bone Metabolism in Ovariectomized Mice

Choi JI, Cho HH

BACKGROUND: The molecular pathways of how endocrine disruptors affect bone mineral density (BMD) and bone remodeling are still unclear. The purpose of this experimental study is to determine the effects...
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Associations between Dietary Fiber Intake and Bone Mineral Density in Adult Korean Population: Analysis of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2011

Lee T, Suh HS

BACKGROUND: The correlations between the amount of daily fiber intake and bone mineral densities (BMDs) in Korean adult population were investigated in our study. METHODS: Utilizing the Korean National Health and...
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Is There a Difference in Serum Vitamin D Levels and Bone Mineral Density According to Body Mass Index in Young Adult Women?

Lim HS, Byun DW, Suh KI, Park HK, Kim HJ, Kim TH, Lee HH

BACKGROUND: In the life cycle, bone mineral density (BMD) is the most optimal condition in the 20s. In Korea, vitamin D deficiency status is very serious in Korean women due...
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Anorexia Nervosa and Osteoporosis: Pathophysiology and Treatment

Steinman J, Shibli-Rahhal A

Anorexia nervosa (AN) affects 2.9 million people, many of whom experience bone loss and increased fracture risk. In this article, we review data on the underlying pathophysiology of AN-related osteoporosis...
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Serum Prolactin and Bone Mineral Density in Schizophrenia: A Systematic Review

Lally J, Sahl AB, Murphy KC, Gaughran F, Stubbs B

The relationship between serum prolactin and bone mineral density (BMD) in schizophrenia is unclear. We conducted a literature review of databases from inception until December 2018 for cross-sectional, case-control, prospective...
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Protective effect of dietary oils containing omega-3 fatty acids against glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis

Elbahnasawy AS, Valeeva ER, El-Sayed E, Stepanova

PURPOSE: Glucocorticoids (GCs) are implicated in secondary osteoporosis, and the resulting fractures cause significant morbidity. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) play a vital role in bone metabolism. However, few trials have...
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Relationship between the Progression of Kyphosis in Thoracolumbar Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings

Jun DS, Baik JM, Kwon HM

PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between the progression of a kyphotic deformity and the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in conservatively treated osteoporotic thoracolumbar compression fracture patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This...
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Surgical Treatment of Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures at Thoraco-Lumbar Levels: Only Pedicle Screw Constructs with Polymethylmethacrylate Augmentation

Jun DS, Baik JM, Park JH

PURPOSE: To investigate the radiological efficacy of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) augmentation of pedicle screw operation in osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty OVCF patients, who underwent only posterior...
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