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Arnold-Chiari Type 1 Malformation Mimicking Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Kim YC, Yim CD, Lee HJ, Hur DG, Ahn SK

Arnold-Chiari malformation type 1 is a congenital disease characterized by herniation of the cerebellar tonsils through the foramen magnum. Most common clinical symptom is pain, including occipital headache and neck...
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Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo after Yoga Practice

Soh SH, Lee HS

A 57-year-old woman presented with sudden onset of whirling vertigo associated with nausea and vomiting. The neurological examination showed left-beating horizontal nystagmus on the lying-down test and right-beating horizontal nystagmus...
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Serum Vitamin D and Long-term Outcomes of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Rhim GI

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of serum vitamin D concentrations on the long-term recurrence rates of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) patients. METHODS: The...
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Direction-Changing and Direction-Fixed Positional Nystagmus in Patients With Vestibular Neuritis and Meniere Disease

Kim CH, Shin JE, Yoo MH, Park HJ

OBJECTIVES: Direction-changing positional nystagmus (PN) was considered to indicate the presence of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo involving lateral semicircular canal in most cases. We investigated the incidence of PN on...
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Characteristics of Nystagmus during Attack of Vestibular Migraine

Yoon S, Kim MJ, Kim M

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to investigate characteristics of nystagmus during attacks of vestibular migraine (VM), and to find a distinct clinical feature compared to other migraine and...
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Incidence and Clinical Significance of Positional Downbeat Nystagmus in Posterior Canal Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Oh EH, Lee JH, Kim HJ, Choi SY, Choi KD, Choi JH

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and clinical significance of positional downbeat nystagmus (pDBN) after treatment of posterior canal (PC) benign paroxysmal positional...
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Can Cupulolithiasis Affect the Time Constant or Gain of the Velocity Step Test?

Kim MT, Choi JE, Lee MY, Jung JY

OBJECTIVES: The nystagmus evoked by an angular velocity step is influenced by the cupula dynamics and the status of velocity storage mechanisms. This study questioned whether the cupulolithiasis of horizontal...
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Risk Factors and Clinical Features of Recurrent Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Kim MK, Kim HR, Jun HW, Byun HY, Chung JH, Lee SH

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is treated with appropriate canalith repositioning procedures, which are very effective for the treatment of BPPV. Nevertheless, the recurrence of BPPV may...
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Analysis of Risk Factors for Recurrence of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo: An 11-Year Nationwide Population-Based Study

Han SJ, Kim CY, Shim DB, Song MH

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is one of the most common causes of dizziness with a high recurrence rate. This study aimed to analyze the recurrence rate...
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Etiology and Clinical Characteristics of Pediatric Dizziness

Lee HM, Park J, Lee B, Lee KH, Park SK, Chang J

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dizziness is not uncommon in children. The etiology of dizziness varies according to different studies due to different methods of examination or characteristics of the dizziness center....
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Outcome of Canalith Repositioning Procedure in Patients with Persistent and Transient Geotropic Direction-Changing Positional Nystagmus: Short-term Follow-up Evaluation

Jeon SS, Li SW, Kim SK, Kim YB, Park IS, Hong SM

OBJECTIVES: Patients, who showed persistent geotropic-direction changing positional nystagmus (p-DCPN) tend to have different clinical manifestations from those who showed transient geotropic DCPN (t-DCPN). We investigated the clinical characteristics between...
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Postprandial Dizziness/Syncope Relieved by Alfa-Glucosidase Inhibitor: A Case Report

An H, Jeong SH, Kim HJ, Sohn EH, Lee AY, Kim JM

A 74-year-old man presented with positional vertigo and prandial dizziness and syncope. He had experienced episodes of frequent dizziness and loss of consciousness for several months. He underwent total gastrectomy...
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Positional Vertigo Showing Direction-Changing Positional Nystagmus after Chronic Otitis Media Surgery: Is It Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo?

Choi S, Shin JE, Kim CH

This case report describes a patient who developed positional vertigo after surgery for chronic otitis media on the right side. Canal wall up mastoidectomy was performed, and the stapes was...
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Clinical Significance of Spontaneous Nystagmus in Horizontal Semicircular Canal Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Lee J, Chang S, Lee HY

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the clinical significance of spontaneous nystagmus (SN) in horizontal semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (HC-BPPV). METHODS: Twenty-four patients who were diagnosed with HC-BPPV in Eulji...
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Clinical Feasibility of Suppression Head Impulse Test in Vestibulopathy Patients

Kang YJ, Jun BC, Cho YS, Lim JH, Kim DY

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The suppression head impulse (SHIMP) test has emerged as one of the new vestibular function tests. The SHIMP test is an analysis of anti-compensatory saccadic movements in...
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Vestibular Histopathology in Temporal Bone

Nam SI

There are a number of reports on the pathologies of vestibular disorders. However, these studies included only a few examples, which were not quantitative but merely anecdotal or descriptive. However,...
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Posttraumatic Peripheral Vertigo

Yoon S, Kim MJ, Kim M

Posttraumatic vertigo can be defined as the vertiginous disorder occurred after head and neck trauma without other pre-existing vestibular disorder. Central, peripheral, and combined deficits might cause this condition. Especially,...
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Influence of Fatigability on the Timing of Reassessment in the Treatment of Posterior Canal Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Kim CH, Shin JE, Shin YG, Song MH, Shim DB

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The early assessment of treatment is not done for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) since the well-known phenomenon of fatigability after a repeated positional test can mimic...
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Pitfalls in the Diagnosis of Vertigo

Kim HA, Lee H

Vertigo/dizziness is a common complaint in patients who are seeking a primary health clinic. Vertigo is traditionally attributed to damage of the vestibular system. Many peripheral and central vestibular disorders...
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The Effects of the Vestibular Rehabilitation on the Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo Recurrence Rate in Patients with Otolith Dysfunction

Hoseinabadi R, Pourbakht , Yazdani N, Kouhi A, Kamali M, Abdollahi , Jafarzadeh S

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although repositioning maneuvers have shown remarkable success rate in treatments of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), the high recurrence rate of BPPV has been an important issue....
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