Res Vestib Sci.  2018 Dec;17(4):125-129. 10.21790/rvs.2018.17.4.125.

Posttraumatic Peripheral Vertigo

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Catholic Kwandong University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea. minbumkim78@gmail.com

Abstract

Posttraumatic vertigo can be defined as the vertiginous disorder occurred after head and neck trauma without other pre-existing vestibular disorder. Central, peripheral, and combined deficits might cause this condition. Especially, various peripheral vestibulopathies are possible causes of posttraumatic vertigo; benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, temporal bone fracture, perilymphatic fistula, labyrinthine concussion, posttraumatic hydrops, and cervical vertigo. Since the differential diagnosis of the posttraumatic vertigo is often difficult, it is essential to acquire knowledge of their pathophysiology and clinical features. In this review, peripheral vestibulopathy as the possible causes of posttraumatic vertigo were described according to the current literature.

Keyword

Posttraumatic vertigo; Peripheral vestibulopathy; Head trauma

MeSH Terms

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
Craniocerebral Trauma
Diagnosis, Differential
Edema
Fistula
Head
Neck
Temporal Bone
Vertigo*
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