Korean J Otorhinolaryngol-Head Neck Surg.  2016 Jul;59(7):537-541. 10.3342/kjorl-hns.2016.59.7.537.

A Case of Free-Floating Endolymph Particle Found during Transmastoid Posterior Semicircular Canal Occlusion for Intractable Posterior Canal Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, School of Medicine, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea. choijw@cnu.ac.kr

Abstract

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a common inner ear cause of vertigo, most of which can be treated by particle repositioning maneuver (PRM). However, in rare cases, positional vertigo could persist or frequently recur after several PRM. In these intractable cases, surgical treatments including singular neurectomy and semicircular canal occlusion have been used. Posterior semicircular canal occlusion has some advantages over singular neurectomy in hearing preservation and feasible surgical technique. Also free-floating endolymph particles causing intractable BPPV are known to occur in about 20% of the cases during canal occlusion surgery. Nevertheless, to the best of our knowledge, there has not been any report on the identification of those particles in the Korean literature. In this paper, we report a case of free-floating endolymph particle found during transmastoid posterior semicircular canal occlusion for intractable posterior canal BPPV.

Keyword

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo; Intractable vertigo; Semicircular canal occlusion

MeSH Terms

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo*
Ear, Inner
Endolymph*
Hearing
Semicircular Canals*
Vertigo
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