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Isolated hemorrhage in the cerebellar vermis with vertigo and body lateropulsion to the contralesional side

Lee DH, Lee SJ

There have been several reports of patients with isolated lesions of the cerebellar vermis presenting with clinical features similar to those of peripheral vestibulopathy. We report a case of small,...
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Arnold-Chiari Type 1 Malformation Mimicking Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Kim YC, Yim CD, Lee HJ, Hur DG, Ahn SK

Arnold-Chiari malformation type 1 is a congenital disease characterized by herniation of the cerebellar tonsils through the foramen magnum. Most common clinical symptom is pain, including occipital headache and neck...
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Two Cases of Pediatric Pneumolabyrinth with Traumatic Tympanic Membrane Perforation after Penetrating Injury

You YS, Koh JH, Kim BJ, Lee EJ

Pneumolabyrinth is an uncommon condition in which air is present in the vestibule or cochlear. It is rarely found, even in otic capsule violating fractures or in transverse fracture of...
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Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo after Yoga Practice

Soh SH, Lee HS

A 57-year-old woman presented with sudden onset of whirling vertigo associated with nausea and vomiting. The neurological examination showed left-beating horizontal nystagmus on the lying-down test and right-beating horizontal nystagmus...
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Dizziness after Traumatic Brain Injury: Neurological Aspects

Kim YS, Im SJ, Lee HS

Vertigo, dizziness, and disequilibrium are common symptoms following concussion or traumatic brain injury. Dizziness and vertigo may be the result of trauma to the peripheral vestibular system or the central...
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Serum Vitamin D and Long-term Outcomes of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Rhim GI

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of serum vitamin D concentrations on the long-term recurrence rates of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) patients. METHODS: The...
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Direction-Changing and Direction-Fixed Positional Nystagmus in Patients With Vestibular Neuritis and Meniere Disease

Kim CH, Shin JE, Yoo MH, Park HJ

OBJECTIVES: Direction-changing positional nystagmus (PN) was considered to indicate the presence of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo involving lateral semicircular canal in most cases. We investigated the incidence of PN on...
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A Case of Isolated Nodular Infarction Mimicking Vestibular Neuritis on the Contralateral Side

Lee J, Song K, Yu IK, Lee HY

Differentiating central vestibulopathy from more common vestibular disorders is crucial because it often necessitates different treatment strategies, and early detection can help to minimize potential complications. Isolated nodular infarct is...
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Shoe-Type Wearable Sensors Measure Gait Parameters in Vestibular Neuritis: A Preliminary Study

Cha JS, Kim DY, Lee HS, Kim N, Lee HH

OBJECTIVES: Despite patients with dizziness were reported of revealing gait problems, there is still lack of objective quantitative measurement of gait patterns of peripheral vestibular disorders. To demonstrate gait variability...
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Characteristics of Nystagmus during Attack of Vestibular Migraine

Yoon S, Kim MJ, Kim M

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to investigate characteristics of nystagmus during attacks of vestibular migraine (VM), and to find a distinct clinical feature compared to other migraine and...
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Characteristic of Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss with Objective Vestibular Involvement

Choi KY, Kim MT, Choi JE, Jung JY, Lee MY

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To analyze the difference in audiologic-vestibular and clinical characteristics between acute cochlea-vestibulopathy (ACV) and idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL). SUBJECTS AND METHOD: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical...
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Incidence and Clinical Significance of Positional Downbeat Nystagmus in Posterior Canal Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Oh EH, Lee JH, Kim HJ, Choi SY, Choi KD, Choi JH

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and clinical significance of positional downbeat nystagmus (pDBN) after treatment of posterior canal (PC) benign paroxysmal positional...
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Proposal on the Diagnostic Criteria of Definite Isolated Otolith Dysfunction

Park HG, Lee JH, Oh SH, Park MK, Suh MW

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dizzy patients with abnormal otolith function tests, despite a normal caloric response, are defined as having specific (isolated) otolith organ dysfunction. This study was performed to compare...
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Visuospatial Dysfunction in Patients With the Right Vestibular Neuritis

Jeon SH, Kim KW, Shin HJ, Shin BS, Seo MW, Oh SY

Acute vestibular neuritis (VN) is characterized by acute/subacute vertigo with spontaneous nystagmus and unilateral loss of semicircular canal function. Vestibular system in human is represented in the brain bilaterally with...
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Injury Mechanism to Induce Traumatic Balance Disorder

Kang JW, Byun JY

Many of the dizziness patients annually visit ENT (ear, nose, throat) clinics because the vestibular function is the major organ to keep body balance and belongs to the Otorhinolaryngology. Nevertheless,...
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Change of the Pure Tone Threshold as a Function of Frequency and Clinical Characteristics in Definite Meniere's Disease

Choi KY, Kim HG, Kim KW, Lee MY, Jung JY

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: One of the characteristics of Meniere’s disease is pure tone threshold shift at low frequencies in the lesion; although, in some patients, more pure tone threshold shifts...
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Comparison of Treatment Outcomes between Intratympanic Steroid Injection and Oral Diuretics in Patients with Acute Low Frequency Sensorineural Hearing Loss with Vertigo

An YH, Shim HJ

OBJECTIVES: Sudden sensorineural hearing loss and Meniere disease can be managed with intratympanic steroid injection (ITSI) as a primary treatment. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness...
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Can Cupulolithiasis Affect the Time Constant or Gain of the Velocity Step Test?

Kim MT, Choi JE, Lee MY, Jung JY

OBJECTIVES: The nystagmus evoked by an angular velocity step is influenced by the cupula dynamics and the status of velocity storage mechanisms. This study questioned whether the cupulolithiasis of horizontal...
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Clinical Reasoning: A 42-Year-Old Man with Acute Vertigo

Kim SH

No abstract available.
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Risk Factors and Clinical Features of Recurrent Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Kim MK, Kim HR, Jun HW, Byun HY, Chung JH, Lee SH

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is treated with appropriate canalith repositioning procedures, which are very effective for the treatment of BPPV. Nevertheless, the recurrence of BPPV may...
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