Korean J Gastroenterol.  2005 Nov;46(5):388-395.

Effects of Tamoxifen on the Voltage-dependent Ionic Currents in Mouse Colonic Smooth Muscle Cells

  • 1Departments of Internal Medicine, Chosun University College of Medicine, Gwangju, Korea. jyjun@chosun.ac.kr
  • 2Departments of Neurology, Chosun University College of Medicine, Gwangju, Korea.
  • 3Departments of Physiology, Chosun University College of Medicine, Gwangju, Korea.


BACKGROUND/AIMS: Tamoxifen is a widely used anticancer drug for breast cancer with frequent gastrointestinal side effects. Changes in gastrointestinal motility is associated with altered activities of membrane ion channels. Ion channels have important role in regulating membrane potential and cell excitability. This study was performed to investigate the effects of tamoxifen on the membrane ionic currents in colonic smooth muscle cells. METHODS: Murine colonic smooth muscle cells were isolated from the proximal colon using collagenase, and the membrane currents were recorded using a whole-cell patch clamp technique. RESULTS: Two types of voltage-dependent K+ currents were recorded (A-type and delayed rectifier K+ currents). Tamoxifen inhibited both types of voltage-dependent K+ currents in a dose-dependent manner. However, tamoxifen did not change the half-inactivation potential and the recovery time of voltage-dependent K+ currents. Chelerythrine, a protein kinase C inhibitor or phorbol 12, 13-dibutyrate, a protein kinase C activator did not affect the voltage-dependent K+ currents. Guanosine 5'-O-(2-thio-diphosphate) did not affect the tamoxifen-induced inhibition of voltage-dependent K+ currents. Tamoxifen inhibited voltage-dependent Ca2+ currents completely in whole-test ranges. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that tamoxifen can alter various membrane ionic currents in smooth muscle cells and cause some adverse effects on the gastrointestinal motility.


Colonic smooth muscle cells; Tamoxifen; Voltage-dependent K+ currents; Voltage-dependent Ca2+ currents

MeSH Terms

Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal/*pharmacology
Calcium Channels/drug effects
Colon/*drug effects/physiology
English Abstract
In Vitro
Membrane Potentials
Myocytes, Smooth Muscle/*drug effects/physiology
Potassium Channels/*drug effects
Full Text Links
  • KJG
export Copy
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2023 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr