J Cancer Prev.  2022 Mar;27(1):42-49. 10.15430/JCP.2022.27.1.42.

Ethanol Extract of Chaenomeles sinensis Inhibits the Development of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia by Exhibiting Anti-oxidant and Anti-inflammatory Effects

  • 1College of Pharmacy and Integrated Research Institute for Drug Development, Dongguk University, Goyang, Korea
  • 2Department of Biotechnology and Functional Foods, College of Medical Sciences, Jeonju University, Jeonju, Korea
  • 3Sunchang Research Institute of Health and Longevity, Sunchang, Korea


Chaenomeles sinensis is known to inhibit the development and progression of many age-related diseases, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are largely unclear. In the present study, we observed that the ethanol extract of Chaenomeles sinensis scavenged 2,2’-diphenylpicrylhydrazyl and 2,2’-azinobis diammonium radicals in vitro. The ethanol extract of Chaenomeles sinensisactivated antioxidant response element-luciferase activity and induced expression of NRF2 target genes in HaCaT cells. The ethanol extract of Chaenomeles sinensis also suppressed LPS-induced expression of COX-2 and iNOS proteins, and mRNA expression of TNF-α and IL-2 in RAW264.7 cells. Finally, the ethanol extract of Chaenomeles sinensis significantly suppressed testosterone propionate-induced benign prostatic hyperplasia in mice. Together, our study provides the evidence that the ethanol extract of Chaenomeles sinensis inhibits the development of benign prostatic hyperplasia by exhibiting anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects.


Benign prostatic hyperplasia; Chaenomeles sinensis; NF-E2-related factor 2; Lipopolysaccride; Oxidative stress
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