Anat Cell Biol.  2021 Sep;54(3):361-374. 10.5115/acb.21.034.

Therapeutic efficiency of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells in healing of experimentally induced gastric ulcers in rats

Affiliations
  • 1Histology and Cell Biology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
  • 2Histology and Cell Biology Department, Sphinx University, Assiut, Egypt

Abstract

Gastric (peptic) ulcer is a major gastrointestinal disorder with high morbidity and mortality. While several drugs have been used to treat gastric ulcers, such as proton pump inhibitor-based triple therapy for Helicobacter pylori eradication, but hey result in adverse side effects. Therefore, development of new alternative therapies is desirable. Many recent studies have shown that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) might have an enhancing effect on the ulcerated gastric mucosa. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of MSCs in the treatment of indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer, and to compare it with the normal ulcer autohealing. This work was performed on 36 adult male albino rats, divided into four groups: Group I (control group), Group II (ulcer group), Group III (autohealing group), and Group IV (stem cells-treated group). The histological changes of gastric mucosa were examined in sections stained with H&E using light microscope for expression of vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGF) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in immunohistochemical stained sections using image analyzer. The results from MSCs-treated group revealed restoration of the normal architecture of the gastric mucosa with comparison to the autohealing group which showed excessive granulation tissue and heavy cellular infiltration with disorganized architecture of the fundic mucosa. Immunohistochemical examination showed strong expression of both VEGF and PCNA in the MSCs-treated group. So it was concluded that MSCs accelerate gastric ulcer healing when injected intraperitoneally, compared to autohealing process which showed delayed healing.

Keyword

Gastric ulcer; Mesenchymal stem cells; Indomethacin; Proliferating cell nuclear antigen; Vascular endothelial growth factors
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