J Neurogastroenterol Motil.  2021 Jul;27(3):370-376. 10.5056/jnm20115.

Evaluations of Gastric Acid Pocket Using Novel Vertical 8-Channel pH Monitoring System and Effects of Acid Secretion Inhibitors

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine II, Shimane University Faculty of Medicine, Izumo, Japan
  • 2Department of Medicine, Steel Memorial Hirohata Hospital, Himeji, Japan

Abstract

Background/Aims
The gastric acid pocket has an important role in gastroesophageal reflux disease development. In this study, we utilized a novel 8-channel pH monitoring system with sensor intervals of 1 cm on the vertical axis for evaluation of postprandial gastric acid pocket in healthy Japanese adults, as well as the effects of vonoprazan and rabeprazole.
Methods
Twelve healthy volunteers without Helicobacter pylori infection were enrolled. A catheter was inserted transnasally and positioned under X-ray guidance, then postprandial acid pocket formation was monitored over time in a sitting position. Thereafter, acid pocket changes were assessed following administration of vonoprazan (20 mg) or rabeprazole (20 mg).
Results
The gastric acid pocket was successfully measured by use of the present system in 10 cases, while failure occurred in 2 because of inappropriate catheter positioning. Observed acid pockets were visualized with a mean length of 2.2 ± 0.4 channels on the top layer of food contents approximately 20 minutes after finishing a meal. There were some variations for lasting time of the acid pocket. Complete elimination within 3 hours after administration of vonoprazan was noted in all cases. Likewise, following administration of rabeprazole, the acid pocket was eliminated in 7 cases, while acidity was reduced though the pocket remained observable in 3.
Conclusions
Gastric acid pocket observations were possible using our novel vertical 8-channel sensor catheter. The present findings showed that vonoprazan strongly suppressed acid secretion within a short period, suggesting its effectiveness for gastroesophageal reflux disease treatment.

Keyword

Gastric acid; Gastroesophageal reflux; Potassium-competitive acid blocker; Proton pump inhibitors
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