Anesth Pain Med.  2020 Jul;15(3):259-268. 10.17085/apm.19099.

Advantages and pitfalls of clinical application of sugammadex

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Chosun University Hospital, School of Medicine, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea

Abstract

Sugammadex, a modified γ-cyclodextrin, is one of the drugs focused on in the anesthetic field because it provides rapid and complete reversal from neuromuscular blockade (NMB) by encapsulating rocuronium. Its introduction has revolutionized anesthesia practice because it is a safe, predictable, and reliable neuromuscular antagonist. Hence, its use has increased worldwide. Further, it has been in the spotlight for recovering from deep NMB in laparoscopic surgery and improving the surgical condition. Recently, studies have been conducted on the postoperative outcome after deep NMB and use of sugammadex in various clinical conditions. However, with increase in sugammadex use, reports regarding its complications are increasing. Appropriate dosing of sugammadex with quantitative neuromuscular monitoring is emphasized because under-dosing or over-dosing of sugammadex might be associated with unexperienced complications. Sugammadex is now leaping into an ideal reversal agent, changing the anesthesia practice.

Keyword

Complications; Neuromuscular blockade; Review; Rocuronium; Sugammadex
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