J Korean Acad Nurs Adm.  2020 Jan;26(1):31-41. 10.11111/jkana.2020.26.1.31.

Factors Affecting New Graduate Nurses' Intention on Retention in Hospitals: Focused on Nursing Organizational Culture, Empowering Leadership and Organizational Socialization

Affiliations
  • 1Professor, Department of Nursing, Chungbuk National University, Korea.
  • 2Professor, College of Nursing, Gyeongsang National University · Research Institute of Health Sciences, Korea. msjung@gnu.ac.kr
  • 3Professor, College of Nursing, Dankook University, Korea.
  • 4Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Mokpo National University, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to investigate relationships among intention of retention, nursing organizational culture, empowering leadership and organizational socialization of new graduate nurses, and identify factors affecting intent to stay.
METHODS
Data were collected from 184 new nurses who were graduated in 2017 and are now working in three tertiary hospitals. The relationship among the variables was analyzed with Pearson coefficient correlations and factors affecting intention of retention were identified by using multiple linear regression analysis.
RESULTS
The mean score for intention of retention was 5.23±1.25 (out of 8). Intent to stay had positive relationships with innovation-oriented culture, relation-oriented culture, task-oriented culture, empowerment leadership, organizational socialization. Factors influencing intent to stay were "˜motivation for selection of nursing (β=.19, p<.001)', "˜organizational commitment (β=.45, p<.001)', "˜job identity (β=.18, p=.005)', and "˜interpersonal relationship of personal characteristics (β=.16, p=.005)' in organizational socialization, and "˜coaching (β=.29, p=.001)', and "˜showing concerning (β=−.19, p=.036)' by empowering leadership. These factors explained 53.0% of the variance in intention of retention (F=35.96, p<.001).
CONCLUSION
Focusing on the factors of influence derived from this study, relevant institutions and nursing organizations require the creation of a work environment and leadership to increase the retention of new graduate nurses.

Keyword

Empowerment; Leadership; Organizational culture; Retention; Socialization

MeSH Terms

Humans
Intention*
Leadership*
Linear Models
Nursing*
Organizational Culture*
Power (Psychology)
Socialization*
Tertiary Care Centers
Full Text Links
  • JKANA
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2022 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr