J Korean Acad Nurs Adm.  2018 Jan;24(1):1-9. 10.11111/jkana.2018.24.1.1.

Mediating Effect of Self-efficacy in the Relationship between Informal Learning, Shared Leadership and Organizational Socialization of Beginner · Advanced Beginner Nurses

  • 1College of Nursing, Konyang University, Korea. createjane@konyang.ac.kr


The study was done to investigate the mediating effect of self-efficacy on the relationships between informal learning and organizational socialization and between shared leadership and organizational socialization among short career nurses.
A structured self-report questionnaire was used to measure organizational socialization, informal learning, shared leadership and self-efficacy. During February, 2017, data were collected from 136 nurses working in hospitals of more than 500 beds. Data were analyzed using hierarchial multiple linear regression with the SPSS/WIN 22.0 program.
Informal learning, shared leadership and self-efficacy were positively correlated with organizational socialization of participants and self-efficacy was positively correlated with informal learning and shared leadership of participants. Also, self-efficacy had a partial mediating effect on the relationship between informal learning, shared leadership and organizational socialization.
The findings indicate that organizational culture with high level of informal learning and shared leadership is an important factor for organizational socialization of short career nurses. It is also expected that self-efficacy can further promote their organizational socialization.


Organizational culture; Socialization; Self efficacy


  • Figure 1. Conceptual model of the study.



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