Korean J Community Nutr.  2019 Jun;24(3):183-196. 10.5720/kjcn.2019.24.3.183.

Analysis of Dietary Behaviors, Food Consumption Frequency and Blood Clinical Indices by Residence Types of Female College Students in Seoul

Affiliations
  • 1Graduate School of Seoul Women's University, Seoul, Korea, Student.
  • 2Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul Women's University, Seoul, Korea, Professor. jheekim@swu.ac.kr

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
College is an important time for students to establish their identity as an independent subjects and develop a foundation to maintain a healthy adulthood. However, after female students become college students, their eating habits are likely to become more irregular and they may experience various health problems because of excessive weight control. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the dietary behaviors and blood clinical indices of female college students by residence types.
METHODS
A total of 374 subjects were classified as home group, self-boarding group or boarding group according to residence type. Dietary habits, frequency of food intake, and eating attitudes were examined through questionnaires and anthropometric measurements and blood clinical indices were analyzed.
RESULTS
The meal most frequently skipped by female college students was breakfast, and the frequency of skipping breakfast was significantly lower in the home group than other groups. Most college students recognized that their eating habits had worsened since becoming college students, with the self-boarding group in particular feeling that their eating habits changed negatively. The consumption frequencies of protein foods, fruits, dairy products, seaweed, and fatty meats were significantly lower in the self-boarding group than other groups. The home group ate food cut into smaller pieces, while the self-boarding group tried new and rich foods. Residence types did not affect blood clinical indices.
CONCLUSIONS
The self-boarding group had inadequate dietary habits compared to the home group. Although residence type did not affect the blood clinical indices, the students still had poor dietary habits. Therefore, proper nutrition education is needed to improve the nutritional status of college students, especially those that self-board.

Keyword

residence types; female college students; dietary behavior; blood clinical indices

MeSH Terms

Breakfast
Dairy Products
Eating
Education
Female*
Food Habits
Fruit
Humans
Meals
Meat
Nutritional Status
Seaweed
Seoul*
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