J Korean Clin Nurs Res.  2019 Apr;25(1):34-42. 10.22650/JKCNR.2019.25.1.34.

Factors Affecting the Intention of Hospital Nurses to Stay at Work: In Relation to Authentic Leadership and Nursing Organizational Culture

Affiliations
  • 1Manager, Division of Nursing, Severance Hospital, Korea.
  • 2Team Leader, Division of Nursing, Severance Hospital, Korea. venus@yuhs.ac
  • 3Assistant Manager, Division of Nursing, Severance Hospital, Korea.
  • 4Director, Division of Nursing, Severance Hospital, Korea.
  • 5Dean and Professor, College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Korea.
  • 6Director, Department of Nursing, Hanyang University Seoul Hospital, Korea.
  • 7Director, Department of Nursing, The Catholic University of Korea Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships of authentic leadership and nursing organizational culture to the intention of hospital nurses to stay in their current position.
METHODS
The participants of this study were 503 nurses in 8 hospitals. We collected data using questionnaires for assessing authentic leadership, nursing organization culture and intention to stay. For data analysis, t-test, ANOVA, Cronbach's α, Pearson's correlation coefficient, Tukey test, Multiple regression were performed using SAS ver.9.4 (SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA).
RESULTS
Authentic leadership (β=.12, p=.008) and relation-oriented culture (β=.13, p=.009) affected the intention of the hospital nurses to stay. These variables accounted for 29% of the variance in the intention to stay among hospital nurses.
CONCLUSION
The finding of this study shows that the authentic leadership and nursing organizational culture especially relation-focused can influence nurses' intention to stay in their current position. For retaining nurses, it is suggested to use an authentic leadership training program for nursing leaders and to make efforts to establish a relation-focused culture in the hospital.

Keyword

Intention; Leadership; Organizational Culture; Nurses

MeSH Terms

Education
Intention*
Leadership*
Nursing*
Organizational Culture*
Statistics as Topic
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