Pediatr Gastroenterol Hepatol Nutr.  2019 May;22(3):242-248. 10.5223/pghn.2019.22.3.242.

Outcome of Children with Severe Acute Malnutrition and Diarrhea: a Cohort Study

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Kalawati Saran Children's Hospital associated Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India. pkpaed@gmail.com
  • 2Dayanand Medical College (DMC), Ludhiana, India.
  • 3National Nutritional Rehabilitation Resource and Training Centre (NNRRTC), Kalawati Saran Children's Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Abstract

PURPOSE
Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is an important public health problem which contributes to significant number of under five deaths. Protocol based management significantly decreases risk of deaths in children with medical complications.
METHODS
Outcome of children aged 2 months-5 years admitted and fulfilling definition of SAM having diarrhea (group A) was compared to children with SAM having medical complications other than diarrhea (group B). Both groups were managed according to standard recommended protocols and monitored and followed up for 12 weeks after discharge.
RESULTS
The average weight gain, defaulter rate, primary failure, secondary relapse rate and readmission rate were similar in both groups. Length of stay in group A was three days longer (p-value=0.039). Discharge rate was comparable with overall 68% of children successfully discharged and 50% of children reaching weight/height >−2 standard deviation at follow-up of 12 weeks.
CONCLUSION
The current management protocol is equally effective for managing children with SAM having diarrhea. Good adherence to management protocol of dehydration and timely modification of therapeutic feeds in children with persistent diarrhea results in satisfactory weight gain.

Keyword

Malnutrition; Cachexia; Dehydration

MeSH Terms

Cachexia
Child*
Cohort Studies*
Dehydration
Diarrhea*
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Length of Stay
Malnutrition
Public Health
Recurrence
Severe Acute Malnutrition*
Weight Gain
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