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Preparative fasting before contrast-enhanced computed tomography

Yong HS

Many hospitals have patients perform preparative fasting prior to contrast-enhanced computed tomography to prevent nausea, vomiting, and accompanying aspiration pneumonia. This policy has been regarded as reasonable because there are...
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Management of Acute Gastroenteritis in Children: A Survey among Members of the Korean Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

Seo JH, Shim JO, Choe BH, Moon JS, Kang KS, Chung JY

PURPOSE: No national survey has yet described the guidelines followed by Korean pediatricians to treat acute gastroenteritis (AGE). An online survey was performed to investigate the management of AGE followed...
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Sub-morbid dehydration-associated glomerular hyperfiltration: An emerging reality?

Min HK, Sung SA, Lee SY, Lee SW

BACKGROUND: Severe dehydration decreases renal perfusion. However, it is unclear whether sub-morbid dehydration affects kidney function similarly. Although there have been numerous animal and human studies that have suggested mild...
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Effects of dehydration on echocardiographic diastolic parameters in healthy cats

Sugimoto K, Kawase N, Aoki T, Fujii Y

This study aimed to assess the effects of dehydration on echocardiographic indices in healthy cats: specifically, it aimed to assess the effects of volume depletion on diastolic function. Nine experimental...
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Outcome of Children with Severe Acute Malnutrition and Diarrhea: a Cohort Study

Bhatnagar , Kumar R, Dua R, Basu S, Kumar P

PURPOSE: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is an important public health problem which contributes to significant number of under five deaths. Protocol based management significantly decreases risk of deaths in children...
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Infantile hypercalcemia with novel compound heterozygous mutation in SLC34A1 encoding renal sodium-phosphate cotransporter 2a: a case report

Kang SJ, Lee R, Kim HS

Idiopathic infantile hypercalcemia is characterized by hypercalcemia, dehydration, vomiting, and failure to thrive, and it is due to mutations in 24-hydroxylase (CYP24A1). Recently, mutations in sodium-phosphate cotransporter (SLC34A1) expressed in...
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Pus leakage into abdominal cavity through oviduct in a Siberian husky with pyometra

Cho UR, Kim IH, Hwang DY, Kang HG

A 7-year-old, intact, female Siberian husky was presented to the Veterinary Medical Center of Chungbuk National University because of vomiting and diarrhea after a fight with a cohabiting dog. Physical...
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Fluid management in perioperative and critically ill patients

Kang D, Yoo KY

Fluid therapy to restore and/or maintain tissue perfusion may affect patient outcomes in perioperative, emergency, and intensive care. Kinetic analyses and outcome-oriented studies have provided more insight into fluid management....
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Elevated Serum Uric Acid in Benign Convulsions with Mild Gastroenteritis in Children

Yoo IH, Kim W, Cho J, Kim H, Lim BC, Hwang H, Chae JH, Choi J, Kim KJ

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To identify whether serum uric acid levels are significantly higher in patients with benign convulsion associated with mild gastroenteritis (CwG) than in patients with acute gastroenteritis. METHODS: This...
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Nutritional Support for Patients with Radiation-induced Dysphagia

Min JY

Radiation therapy is a common and effective treatment for various types of head and neck cancers. On the other hand, it usually leads to radiation therapy-induced dysphagia, which manifests as...
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Peri-Treatment Evaluation of Swallowing in Head and Neck Cancer Patients

Kim JH

Head and neck cancer patients are prone to dysphagia and aspiration, which are usually neglected due to treatment of the cancer itself. However, dysphagia and aspiration could cause malnutrition, dehydration,...
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A Method to Protect Mine Workers in Hot and Humid Environments

Sunkpal M, Roghanchi , Kocsis KC

BACKGROUND: Work comfort studies have been extensively conducted, especially in the underground and meteorological fields resulting in an avalanche of recommendations for their evaluation. Nevertheless, no known or universally accepted...
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Exploratory Study of the Prevalence of Major Chronic Disease According to Daily Water Intake and Physiological Parameters related to Dehydration in Korean Elderly: Based on the Sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2015)

Hong H, Kim N

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence of major chronic diseases related to daily oral water intake and to identify the physiological parameters related to dehydration...
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An extremely rare case of hand prolapse with preterm premature rupture in the membrane of one twin

Kim M, Lee HJ, Choi SJ, Oh SY, Roh CR, Kim JH

The latency in preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) can last for weeks. We describe an extremely rare case of hand prolapse with PPROM that was exposed for 23 days...
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Evaluation of Lumbar Intervertebral Disc Degeneration Using T1ρ and T2 Magnetic Resonance Imaging in a Rabbit Disc Injury Model

Ishikawa T, Watanabe A, Kamoda H, Miyagi M, Inoue G, Takahashi , Ohtori S

STUDY DESIGN: An in vivo histologic and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study of lumbar intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration was conducted. PURPOSE: To clarify the sensitivity and efficacy of T1ρ/T2 mapping for...
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Phrenic Nerve Clipping in a Stroke Patient with Intractable Hiccup: a Case Report

Yoon JR, Ko YD, Yun SI, Chung ME

Hiccup is an intermittent, involuntary and erratic contraction of the diaphragm, immediately followed by a laryngeal closure. Persistent and intractable hiccups are rare but severe, keeping a person from doing...
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The Comparison of Clinical Characteristics in Three Types of Viral Acute Diarrhea in Infants and Toddlers and the Effect of Lactobacillus acidophilus on Rotaviral Diarrhea

Shin SH, Shin HS

The most common causes of acute viral diarrhea in infants and toddlers are rotavirus, astrovirus and norovirus. The purpose of this study was to evaluate epidemiological data of pathogens obtained...
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Acute kidney injury in childhood-onset nephrotic syndrome: Incidence and risk factors in hospitalized patients

Kim MY, Cho MH, Kim JH, Ahn YH, Choi HJ, Ha IS, Cheong HI, Kang HG

BACKGROUND: Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is the most common glomerulopathy in children. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication of NS, caused by severe intravascular volume depletion, acute tubular necrosis,...
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Changes in intravenous hydration frequency and emergency department length of stay after implementation of oral ondansetron therapy in children with dehydration due to acute gastroenteritis

Kwon SK, Yang HW, Chae MK, Ko Y, Kwak JR, Lee JS

PURPOSE: Oral ondansetron is a safe and effective antiemetic drug to facilitate oral rehydration therapy in acute gastroenteritis (AGE) with mild dehydration. We investigated the effect of oral ondansetron therapy...
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Pediatric Dehydration Assessment at Triage: Prospective Study on Refilling Time

Caruggi S, Rossi M, De Giacomo C, Luini C, Ruggiero N, Salvatoni , Salvatore

PURPOSE: Dehydration is a paediatric medical emergency but there is no single standard parameter to evaluate it at the emergency department. Our aim was to evaluate the reliability and validity...
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