Tissue Eng Regen Med.  2018 Dec;15(6):735-750. 10.1007/s13770-018-0140-z.

A Comparison of the Effects of Silica and Hydroxyapatite Nanoparticles on Poly(ε-caprolactone)-Poly(ethylene glycol)-Poly(ε-caprolactone)/Chitosan Nanofibrous Scaffolds for Bone Tissue Engineering

  • 1Department of Chemistry, University of Zanjan, P.O. Box 45195-313, Zanjan, Iran. aliramazani@gmail.com
  • 2Drug Applied Research Center and Department of Medical.Nanotechnology, Faculty of Advanced Medical Science, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz 51666-14733, Iran. salehiro@tbzmed.ac.ir
  • 3Stem Cell Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz 51666-14733, Iran.
  • 4Oral Medicine Department of Dental Faculty, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz 51666-14733, Iran.
  • 5Department of Medical Biotechnology, Faculty of Advanced Medical Science, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz 51666-14733, Iran.


The major challenge of tissue engineering is to develop constructions with suitable properties which would mimic the natural extracellular matrix to induce the proliferation and differentiation of cells. Poly(ε-caprolactone)-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL-PEG-PCL, PCEC), chitosan (CS), nano-silica (n-SiO₂) and nano-hydroxyapatite (n-HA) are biomaterials successfully applied for the preparation of 3D structures appropriate for tissue engineering.
We evaluated the effect of n-HA and n-SiOâ‚‚ incorporated PCEC-CS nanofibers on physical properties and osteogenic differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs). Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscope, thermogravimetric analysis, contact angle and mechanical test were applied to evaluate the physicochemical properties of nanofibers. Cell adhesion and proliferation of hDPSCs and their osteoblastic differentiation on nanofibers were assessed using MTT assay, DAPI staining, alizarin red S staining, and QRT-PCR assay.
All the samples demonstrated bead-less morphologies with an average diameter in the range of 190-260 nm. The mechanical test studies showed that scaffolds incorporated with n-HA had a higher tensile strength than ones incorporated with n-SiOâ‚‚. While the hydrophilicity of n-SiOâ‚‚ incorporated PCEC-CS nanofibers was higher than that of samples enriched with n-HA. Cell adhesion and proliferation studies showed that n-HA incorporated nanofibers were slightly superior to n-SiOâ‚‚ incorporated ones. Alizarin red S staining and QRT-PCR analysis confirmed the osteogenic differentiation of hDPSCs on PCEC-CS nanofibers incorporated with n-HA and n-SiOâ‚‚.
Compared to other groups, PCEC-CS nanofibers incorporated with 15 wt% n-HA were able to support more cell adhesion and differentiation, thus are better candidates for bone tissue engineering applications.


Tissue engineering; Nano-silica; Nano-hydroxyapatite; Human dental pulp stem cells; Nanofibers

MeSH Terms

Biocompatible Materials
Bone and Bones*
Cell Adhesion
Dental Pulp
Extracellular Matrix
Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions
Silicon Dioxide*
Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared
Stem Cells
Tensile Strength
Tissue Engineering
Biocompatible Materials
Silicon Dioxide
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