Korean J Occup Health Nurs.  2018 Nov;27(4):191-202. 10.5807/kjohn.2018.27.4.191.

The Relationship between Work-life Conflict and Turnover Intention among Hospital Nurses based on Shift Work

  • 1Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Ansan University, Ansan, Korea. imdmson@gmail.com
  • 2Professor, Department of Nursing, Inha University, Incheon, Korea.


This study analyzes the relationship between work-life conflict and turnover intention among hospital nurses. Furthermore, it seeks to determine whether the relationship between the two varies depending on the shift work condition of the nurses.
A total of 435 nurses working at five tertiary hospitals were included in the study. The questionnaire included items on turnover intentions, work-life conflicts, sociodemographic factors, working conditions, and internal and external resources.
The level of work-life conflict among shift work nurses was higher than that of non-shift work nurses. The turnover intention was also higher for shift work nurses than for non-shift work nurses. Results from the multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that the work-life conflict of nurses had a positive relationship with turnover intention. The effect of work-life conflict on turnover intention was greater for shift work nurses than for non-shift work nurses.
Work-life conflict had a greater impact on the turnover intention of hospital nurses working under shift work conditions. Based on this study's findings, it can be suggested that, in order to reduce high turnover intention, it will be necessary to make specific efforts to balance work-life conflict and improve working conditions.


Work-life conflict; Work-life balance; Turnover intention; Hospital nurses; Shift work

MeSH Terms

Logistic Models
Tertiary Care Centers
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