Pediatr Emerg Med J.  2018 Dec;5(2):31-37. 10.22470/pemj.2018.00290.

Procedural sedation and analgesia in pediatric emergency department

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Emergency Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea. birdbeak@naver.com

Abstract

The frequency of procedures in the emergency department has increased with changes in the medical environment and the demands of the times. Especially in children, sedation and analgesia are often inevitable due to the difficulty in seeking cooperation. Procedural sedation and analgesia is essential for successful completion of procedure, but the medical personnel who perform it must be prepared for complications caused by medications. Safe procedural sedation and analgesia requires well-trained medical personnel and well-prepared equipment, including appropriate patient assessments and choice of medications, faithful monitoring, and resuscitation. This review focuses on understanding of sedation processes, patient evaluation, medications, and monitoring.

Keyword

Analgesia; Anesthesia; Conscious Sedation; Deep Sedation; Pain, Procedural; Pediatric Emergency Medicine
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