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An in vivo study comparing efficacy of 0.25% and 0.5% bupivacaine in infraorbital nerve block for postoperative analgesia

Saha A, Shah S, Waknis P, Aher S, Bhujbal P, Vaswani V

BACKGROUND: Pain is an unpleasant sensation ranging from mild localized discomfort to agony and is one of the most commonly experienced symptoms in oral surgery. Usually, local anesthetic agents and...
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Multimodal analgesia with multiple intermittent doses of erector spinae plane block through a catheter after total mastectomy: a retrospective observational study

Hong B, Bang S, Chung W, Yoo S, Chung J, Kim S

BACKGROUND: Although case reports have suggested that the erector spinae plane block (ESPB) may help analgesia for patients after breast surgery, no study to date has assessed its effectiveness. This...
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Nerve blocks for optimal postoperative analgesia after total knee arthroplasty

Lee B, Choi YS

The use of ideal pain management modalities after total knee arthroplasty facilitates enhanced recovery by promoting early ambulation and controlling postoperative pain. To achieve these goals, multimodal analgesia, including motor-sparing...
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Effect of addition of buprenorphine or dexamethasone to levobupivacaine on postoperative analgesia in ultrasound guided transversus abdominis plane block in patients undergoing unilateral inguinal hernia repair: a prospective randomized double blind controlled trial

Seervi SN, Singariya , Kamal M, Kumari K, Siddeshwara A, Ujwal S

BACKGROUND: The transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is an effective technique to block the thoracolumbar nerves innervating the anterolateral abdominal wall. This study was conducted to evaluate the analgesic efficacy...
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Efficacy of rhomboid intercostal block for analgesia after thoracotomy

Okmen K

Regional anesthesia, including central and plane blocks (serratus anterior plane block and erector spinae block), are used for post-thoracotomy pain. The rhomboid intercostal block (RIB) is mainly performed by injection...
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Thoracic interfascial plane block for multimodal analgesia after breast lumpectomy

Kim Y, Oh C, Youn S, Yun S, Park H, Lee W, Kim YH, Ko Y, Hong B

BACKGROUND: Thoracic interfascial plane block is useful as a component of multimodal analgesia in patients undergoing mastectomy. However, multimodal analgesia tends not to be provided during lumpectomy as it is...
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Association between perioperative cholesterol level and analgesia after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery

Oh TK, Kim K, Jheon S, Lee HJ, Do SH

BACKGROUND: Cholesterol plays an important role in the action of opioid analgesics, but its association with postoperative pain has not been clarified. Our study examined the association of pre- and...
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Pain perception and efficacy of local analgesia using 2% lignocaine, buffered lignocaine, and 4% articaine in pediatric dental procedures

M.M A, Khatri A, Kalra N, Tyagi R, Khandelwal D

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the pain perception and anesthetic efficacy of 2% lignocaine with 1:200,000 epinephrine, buffered lignocaine, and 4% articaine with 1:200,000 epinephrine for...
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Programmed intermittent epidural bolus as compared to continuous epidural infusion for the maintenance of labor analgesia: a prospective randomized single-blinded controlled trial

Fidkowski , Shah S, Alsaden MR

BACKGROUND: Programmed intermittent epidural bolus (PIEB) techniques are a new area of interest for maintaining labor analgesia due to the potential to decrease motor block and improve labor analgesia. This...
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Need for an optimal regimen of programmed intermittent epidural bolus administration for maintenance of labor analgesia

Kwak KH

No abstract available.
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Modern techniques to optimize neuraxial labor analgesia

Nanji JA, Carvalho B

Neuraxial analgesia is the gold standard method for pain relief in labor. Several techniques can optimize both the initiation and maintenance of neuraxial labor analgesia. Initiation techniques such as combined...
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Comparison of patient-controlled epidural analgesia with patient-controlled intravenous analgesia for laparoscopic radical prostatectomy

Hwang BY, Kwon JY, Jeon SE, Kim ES, Kim HJ, Lee HJ, An J

BACKGROUND: Patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) is known to provide good postoperative analgesia in many types of surgery including laparoscopic surgery. However, no study has compared PCEA with patient-controlled intravascular analgesia...
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Does Adductor Canal Block Have a Synergistic Effect with Local Infiltration Analgesia for Enhancing Ambulation and Improving Analgesia after Total Knee Arthroplasty?

Kampitak W, Tanavalee , Ngarmukos , Amarase C, Apihansakorn R, Vorapalux

PURPOSE: We compared a single-injection adductor canal block (ACB) with or without local infiltration analgesia (LIA) for accelerating functional recovery and reducing postoperative pain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). MATERIALS AND...
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Ultrasound-guided truncal blocks for perioperative analgesia

Koh WU, Lee JH

The widespread application of ultrasound in clinical anesthesiology has led to an increase in the number of practitioners performing peripheral nerve blocks of the trunk to produce analgesia and anesthesia...
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Pain alleviation in patients undergoing cardiac surgery; presternal local anesthetic and magnesium infiltration versus conventional intravenous analgesia: a randomized double-blind study

Kamel EZ, Abd-Elshafy SK, Sayed JA, Mostafa MM, Seddik MI

BACKGROUND: Magnesium is one of the effective, safe local anesthetic adjuvants that can exert an analgesic effect in conditions presenting acute and chronic post-sternotomy pain. We studied the efficacy of...
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Oxytocin produces thermal analgesia via vasopressin-1a receptor by modulating TRPV1 and potassium conductance in the dorsal root ganglion neurons

Han RT, Kim HB, Kim YB, Choi K, Park GY, Lee PR, Lee J, Kim HY, Park CK, Kang Y, Oh SB, Na HS

Recent studies have provided several lines of evidence that peripheral administration of oxytocin induces analgesia in human and rodents. However, the exact underlying mechanism of analgesia still remains elusive. In...
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Procedural sedation and analgesia in pediatric emergency department

Kim DK

The frequency of procedures in the emergency department has increased with changes in the medical environment and the demands of the times. Especially in children, sedation and analgesia are often...
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Erector Spinae Plane Block for Effective Analgesia after Total Mastectomy with Sentinel or Axillary Lymph Node Dissection: a Report of Three Cases

Kwon WJ, Bang SU, Sun WY

No abstract available.
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Low concentration continuous femoral nerve block improves analgesia and functional outcomes after total knee arthroplasty in spinal anesthesia

So HY, Choi YS, Kim SR

BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is associated with severe pain postoperatively. Femoral nerve block is commonly used for pain control after TKA. This study investigated whether continuous femoral nerve block...
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Designing the ideal perioperative pain management plan starts with multimodal analgesia

Schwenk ES, Mariano ER

Multimodal analgesia is defined as the use of more than one pharmacological class of analgesic medication targeting different receptors along the pain pathway with the goal of improving analgesia while...
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