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The size of pelvic hematoma can be a predictive factor for angioembolization in hemodynamically unstable pelvic trauma

Lee HJ, No HK, Choi NJ, Sun HW, Lee JS, Jung YJ, Hong SK

PURPOSE: Unstable pelvic fracture with bleeding can be fatal, with a mortality rate of up to 40%. Therefore, early detection and treatment are important in unstable pelvic trauma. We investigated...
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Comparison of the trometamol-balanced solution with two other crystalloid solutions for fluid resuscitation of a rat hemorrhagic model

Ting WT, Chang RW, Wang CH, Chen YS, Lee JJ

Currently, the optimal resuscitation fluid remains debatable. Therefore, in the present study, we designed a trometamol-balanced solution (TBS) for use as a resuscitation fluid for hemorrhagic shock. Hemorrhagic shock was...
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Effect of High β-glucan Barley on Postprandial Blood Glucose and Insulin Levels in Type 2 Diabetic Patients

Fuse Y, Higa M, Miyashita , Fujitani A, Yamashita , Ichijo T, Aoe S, Hirose T

The aim of our study was to investigate whether high β-glucan-containing barley (7.2 g per 100 g) improves postprandial plasma glucose levels and suppresses postprandial insulin levels during a meal...
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Intensivists' Direct Management without Residents May Improve the Survival Rate Compared to High-Intensity Intensivist Staffing in Academic Intensive Care Units: Retrospective and Crossover Study Design

Kim JH, Kim J, Bae S, Lee T, Ahn JJ, Kang BJ

BACKGROUND: Medical staff members are concentrated in the intensive care unit (ICU), and medical residents are essentially needed to operate the ICU. However, the recent trend has been to restrict...
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Factors Affecting Self-efficacy of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation(CPR) in Adults

Jeon SY

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was factors affecting self-efficacy of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in adults. Therefore, the provide basic data for strategy development to improve the performance rate of...
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Case Series: Successful Resuscitation of Severe Facial Injuries Caused by a Chainsaw

Choi HJ

The treatment outcome remains poor of severe facial injuries because of the high risk of compromised airway or massive bleeding. We experienced two successful treatment cases of severe facial injury...
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Worsened survival in the head-up tilt position cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a porcine cardiac arrest model

Park YJ, Hong KJ, Shin SD, Kim TY, Ro YS, Song KJ, Ryu HH

OBJECTIVE: Head elevation at an angle of 30° during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was hemodynamically beneficial compared to supine position in a previous porcine cardiac arrest experimental study. However, survival benefit...
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Effect of pralidoxime on coronary perfusion pressure during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a pig model

Jung YH, Ryu DH, Jeung KW, Na JY, Lee DH, Lee BK, Heo T, Min YI

OBJECTIVE: Pralidoxime is widely used for the treatment of organophosphate poisoning. Multiple studies have reported its vasoconstrictive property, which may facilitate the restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) after cardiac arrest...
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Application of a Dual-Dispatch System for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Patients: Will More Hands Save More Lives?

Kim JH, Ryoo HW, Kim JY, Ahn JY, Moon S, Lee DE, Mun YH

BACKGROUND: Recovery after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is difficult, and emergency medical services (EMS) systems apply various strategies to improve outcomes. Multi-dispatch is one means of providing high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation...
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Acute aortic dissection developed after cardiopulmonary resuscitation: transesophageal echocardiographic observations and proposed mechanism of injury

Lee DK, Kang KS, Cha YS, Cha KC, Kim H, Lee KH, Hwang SO

There has been no report about aortic dissection due to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). We present here a case of acute aortic dissection as a rare complication of CPR and propose...
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Management of post-cardiac arrest syndrome

Kang Y

Post-cardiac arrest syndrome is a complex and critical issue in resuscitated patients undergone cardiac arrest. Ischemic-reperfusion injury occurs in multiple organs due to the return of spontaneous circulation. Bundle of...
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National survey of awareness and training experience of automated external defibrillator

Choe MS, Lee MJ

OBJECTIVE: Public concerns and awareness of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) are essential for improving the survival outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in the community. On the other hand, the...
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Computed Tomographic Features of Lung Parenchyma Over Time after Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

Ryu HM, Yoo JY, Kim SJ

PURPOSE: To identify the key CT features of lung parenchyma over time after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 72 patients underwent CT after CPR. Because the median time...
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Neurodevelopmental Outcome of Severe Acidemic Term Infants

Chang SH, Hong SH, Hwang IJ, Song ES, Choi YY

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the perinatal factors associated with neonatal mortality and neurologic morbidity in term infants with severe acidosis. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of term infants...
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Initial absence of N20 waveforms from median nerve somatosensory evoked potentials in a patient with cardiac arrest and good outcomes

Habeych ME, Moshayedi , Rittenberger JC, Gunn SR

A 34-year-old male was brought to the hospital with a chest gunshot wound. Pulseless upon arrival, blood pressure was absent for 10 minutes. A thoracotomy resulted in return of spontaneous...
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Damage control resuscitation in children

Kim JH, Ko Y, Jung K

Damage control resuscitation is a relatively new resuscitative strategy for patients with severe traumatic hemorrhage. This strategy consists of permissive hypotension and early balanced transfusion, and transfers the patients to...
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Reversals in Decisions about Life-Sustaining Treatment and Associated Factors among Older Patients with Terminal Stage of Cardiopulmonary Disease

Choi JJ, Kim SH, Kim SW

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the frequency, patterns, and factors of reversals in decisions about life-sustaining treatment (LST) among older patients with terminal-stage chronic cardiopulmonary disease. METHODS:...
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Targeted temperature management is related to improved clinical outcome of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with non-shockable initial rhythm

Kim SG, Cha WC, Sim MS, Hwang SY, Shin TG, Park JH, Yoon H, Jo IJ, Choi JH

OBJECTIVE: The benefits of targeted temperature management (TTM) for resuscitated out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) with an initial non-shockable rhythm are still unclear. This study examined whether TTM reduces...
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A Survey on the Educational Needs and Competence of Nurses in Maternal Fetal Intensive Care Unit

Kim Y, Kim JI, Jeong GH, Kang HS, Kim M, Moon SH, Kim M

PURPOSE: Maternal Fetal Intensive Care Unit (MFICU), which provides intensive care to high-risk mothers with increasing maternal age and high-risk newborns, has become a new field of nursing work in...
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Relationship between low hemoglobin levels and mortality in patients with septic shock

Jung SM, Kim YJ, Ryoo SM, Kim WY

BACKGROUND: Hemoglobin levels are a critical parameter for oxygen delivery in patients with shock. On comparing target hemoglobin levels upon transfusion initiation, the correlation between the severity of decrease in...
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