Environ Health Toxicol.  2011 ;26(1):e2011014.

Acute Oral or Dermal and Repeated Dose 90-Day Oral Toxicity of Tetrasodium Pyrophosphate in Spraque Dawley (SD) Rats

Affiliations
  • 1Hoseo Toxicological Research Center, Hoseo University, Asan, Korea. cbpark@hoseo.edu

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
Tetrasodium pyrophosphate (TSP) is used in processed meat products, as an emulsifier in cheese, and as a color preservative in soybean paste. However, little is known about its toxicity. This study was conducted to investigate the potential acute and repeated dose toxicity of TSP in Spraque Dawley (SD) rats.
METHODS
In the acute study, animals were administered with oral or dermal doses of 2,000 mg/kg TSP. In the repeated dose study, animals were administered doses of 0, 250, 500, and 1,000 mg/kg by oral gavage five times a week for 90 days.
RESULTS
In acute toxicity studies, no dead animals or abnormal necropsy findings were found in the control or treated group. In the repeated dose toxicity study, there were no significant changes in body weight in the 1,000 mg/kg treatment group, or food consumption, urinalysis, and hematology in any group. With regards serum biochemistry, the levels of total protein, albumin, A/G ratio, triglyceride, calcium and inorganic phosphate were altered at doses of 500 and 1,000 mg/kg. However, no changes were observed at the dose of 250 mg/kg. With regards histopathological findings, cortical tubular basophilia of the kidney increased at the dose of 1,000 mg/kg, but not at doses of 250 and 500 mg/kg. No significant changes were observed in other organs at doses of 250, 500, and 1,000 mg/kg.
CONCLUSIONS
Based on the results, TSP is unclassified according to the Globally Harmonization System, with an LD50 value of over 2,000 mg/kg. The no observed effect level (NOEL) and no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) were 250 and 500 mg/kg /day respectively and the target organ appears to be the kidney.

Keyword

Acute; Dermal toxicity; Oral toxicity; Rat; Repeated dose; Tetrasodium pyrophosphate

MeSH Terms

Animals
Biochemistry
Body Weight
Calcium
Cheese
Diphosphates
Hematology
Kidney
Lethal Dose 50
Meat Products
No-Observed-Adverse-Effect Level
Rats
Soybeans
Urinalysis
Calcium
Diphosphates
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