J Korean Acad Nurs Adm.  2016 Dec;22(5):531-539. 10.11111/jkana.2016.22.5.531.

Effects of Nursing Professionalism and Job Involvement on Turnover Intention among New Graduate Nurses

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Changwon National University, Korea. sarakimk@changwon.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was done to investigate new graduate nurses' perceptions of nursing professionalism, job involvement and turnover intention and to identify factors influencing turnover intention in new graduate nurses.
METHODS
Participants were 179 new graduate nurses working in general hospitals and small and medium-sized hospitals in Gyungnam province. Data were collected from August 10 to September 16, 2015 through a survey with self-report questionnaires. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffé test, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression analysis.
RESULTS
Mean scores were; for nursing professionalism, 3.62±0.73, for job commitment, 3.22±0.89. and for turnover intention, 3.25±0.95. There were significant correlations between nursing professionalism and job involvement (r=.47, p<.001), nursing professionalism and turnover intention (r=-.36, p<.001), job involvement and turnover intention (r=-.46, p<.001). For turnover intention of new graduates 25.1% of the variance was explained by nursing professionalism (β=-.16, p=.034), job involvement (β=-.36, p<.001), and frequency of night shifts (β=.03, p=.022).
CONCLUSION
Findings indicate that nursing professionalism and job involvement of new graduate nurses had significant influence on their turnover intention. Therefore, to reduce turnover intention of new graduate nurses, it is necessary to enhance their nursing professionalism and job involvement with organizational supports.

Keyword

Nurses; Nursing; Profession; Job; Intention

MeSH Terms

Gyeongsangnam-do
Hospitals, General
Intention*
Nursing*
Professionalism*
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