Neonatal Med.  2016 Aug;23(3):158-162. 10.5385/nm.2016.23.3.158.

Successful Peritoneal Dialysis in an Extremely Preterm Infant

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. neoleeeh@gmail.com
  • 2Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

Peritoneal dialysis can be considered renal supportive therapy, even in an extremely low birth weight infant with acute kidney injury not responding to general supportive measures. Although there have been several reports of successful peritoneal dialysis in extremely low birth weight infants, general practice guidelines and commercially available optimal peritoneal dialysis catheters have not been introduced. We report a successful case of peritoneal dialysis in an extremely low birth weight infant born at 25 weeks gestational age, with birth weight 790 g, with uncontrollable metabolic acidosis, hyperkalemia, progressive azotemia and continued anuria.

Keyword

Acute kidney injury; Peritoneal dialysis; Infant; Extremely low birth weight

MeSH Terms

Acidosis
Acute Kidney Injury
Anuria
Azotemia
Birth Weight
Catheters
General Practice
Gestational Age
Humans
Hyperkalemia
Infant
Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight
Infant, Extremely Premature*
Infant, Low Birth Weight
Infant, Newborn
Peritoneal Dialysis*
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