J Korean Med Assoc.  2012 Nov;55(11):1083-1094.

Diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Guri Hospital, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Guri, Korea. hyparkys@hanyang.ac.kr

Abstract

Osteoporosis is a common bone disease in postmenopausal women that leads to an increased risk of fracture. In osteoporosis, the bone mineral density (BMD) is reduced, and bone micro- and macroarchitecture deteriorates. Osteoporosis is defined by the World Health Organization as a BMD of 2.5 standard deviations or more below the mean peak bone mass (average of young and healthy adults) as measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). Diagnosis of osteoporosis can be made using BMD measurement. The most popular method of measuring BMD is DEXA. In treatment, we can use various exercises and nutritional supplementation, medications, and lifestyle modification for the prevention of fractures.

Keyword

Osteoporosis; Diagnosis; Treatment

MeSH Terms

Absorptiometry, Photon
Bone Density
Bone Diseases
Exercise
Female
Humans
Life Style
Osteoporosis
World Health Organization
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