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Alarm Services as a Useful Tool for Diagnosis and Management of Osteoporosis in Patients with Hip Fractures: A Prospective Observational Multicenter Study

Ok HS, Kim WS, Ha YC, Lim JY, Jung CW, Lee YK, Koo KH

BACKGROUND: Alarm services in the Order Communication System improve awareness for related physicians including orthopaedic surgeons, internal medicine doctors, and other relevent doctors. This prospective observational multicenter study was to...
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Reference Intervals for Bone Turnover Markers in Korean Healthy Women

Cho DH, Chung JO, Chung MY, Cho JR, Chung DJ

BACKGROUND: Adequate suppression of bone turnover rate is important to decrease fracture risk without mineralization defect due to oversuppression. This study was performed to determine reference intervals (RIs) for 2...
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Characteristics of Appendicular Tissue Components in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis

Koo BS, Yoon BH

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics of appendicular lean mass (ALM) associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to analyze appendicular tissue components in patients with...
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Diagnosis and Treatment of Brown Tumor

Cho YJ, Cho YM, Na SM, Jung ST

PURPOSE: Brown tumor is a tumor-like disease that can occur as a linked disease of hyperparathyroidism which can causes osteoporosis, osteitis fibrosa cystica, pathologic fractures. Brown tumor has been reported...
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The association of potassium intake with bone mineral density and the prevalence of osteoporosis among older Korean adults

Ha J, Kim SA, Lim K, Shin S

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Osteoporosis is characterized by low bone mass and results in vulnerability to fracture. Calcium and vitamin D are known to play an important role in bone health. Recently, potassium...
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A comparison of 6 osteoporosis risk assessment tools among postmenopausal women in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Toh LS, Lai PS, Wu DB, Bell BG, Dang CP, Low BY, Wong KT, Guglielmi , Anderson C

OBJECTIVES: To compare and assess the performance of 6 osteoporosis risk assessment tools for screening osteoporosis in Malaysian postmenopausal women. METHODS: Six osteoporosis risk assessments tools (the Simple Calculated Osteoporosis Risk...
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Is There a Difference in Serum Vitamin D Levels and Bone Mineral Density According to Body Mass Index in Young Adult Women?

Lim HS, Byun DW, Suh KI, Park HK, Kim HJ, Kim TH, Lee HH

BACKGROUND: In the life cycle, bone mineral density (BMD) is the most optimal condition in the 20s. In Korea, vitamin D deficiency status is very serious in Korean women due...
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Serum Prolactin and Bone Mineral Density in Schizophrenia: A Systematic Review

Lally J, Sahl AB, Murphy KC, Gaughran F, Stubbs B

The relationship between serum prolactin and bone mineral density (BMD) in schizophrenia is unclear. We conducted a literature review of databases from inception until December 2018 for cross-sectional, case-control, prospective...
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Lower Leg Fat Depots Are Associated with Albuminuria Independently of Obesity, Insulin Resistance, and Metabolic Syndrome (Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 2008 to 2011)

Han E, Cho NH, Kim MK, Kim HS

BACKGROUND: Although the involvement of obesity in metabolic disorders is well known, leg fat depot influences on albuminuria have not been determined. METHODS: This population-based, cross-sectional study used a nationally representative...
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Machine Learning Model to Predict Osteoporotic Spine with Hounsfield Units on Lumbar Computed Tomography

Nam KH, Seo I, Kim DH, Lee JI, Choi BK, Han IH

OBJECTIVE: Bone mineral density (BMD) is an important consideration during fusion surgery. Although dual X-ray absorptiometry is considered as the gold standard for assessing BMD, quantitative computed tomography (QCT) provides...
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The impact of sarcopenia on health-related quality of life in elderly people: Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Sun DS, Lee H, Yim HW, Won HS, Ko YH

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The purpose of the study is to investigate the associations between sarcopenia and health-related quality of life in elderly men and women in Korea. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study using...
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Evaluation of iNSiGHT VET DXA (Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry) for assessing body composition in obese rats fed with high fat diet: a follow-up study of diet induced obesity model for 8 weeks

Yeu J, Ko HJ, Kim D, Ahn Y, Kim J, Lee W, Jung I, Suh J, Lee SJ

We examined the precision, accuracy, and capability of detecting changes of Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) for the measurements of total-body weight (TBW), total-body fat weight (TBFW), and total-body lean weight...
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A prospective study on changes in body composition and fat percentage during the first year of cancer treatment in children

Yang HR, Choi HS

BACKGROUNDS/OBJECTIVES: Cancer treatment may lead to significant body composition changes and affect growth and disease outcomes in pediatric cancer patients. This prospective study aimed to evaluate short- and long-term body...
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Tales from Fragments: A Review of Indian Human Skeletal Studies

Mushrif-Tripathy V

India provides large number of skeletal data from the pre- and protohistoric levels covering a time span of almost 10,000 years. Major skeletal collection comes from the cultural phases ranging...
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Measurement and Interpretation of Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry Bone Density Measurements

Kim EH, Kim IJ, Jeon YK

Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is a widely used technology used to diagnosis osteoporosis and monitor changes in bone mineral density (BMD). The present paper reviews the clinical application of DXA...
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Trabecular Bone Score Is More Sensitive to Asthma Severity and Glucocorticoid Treatment Than Bone Mineral Density in Asthmatics

Choi YJ, Lee HY, Yoon D, Kim A, Shin YS, Park HS, Ye YM

PURPOSE: In asthmatic patients, treatment with corticosteroids, in addition to conventional risk factors for osteoporosis, may lead to bone loss. Trabecular bone score (TBS) is an indirect new parameter of...
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Increased Risk of Osteoporosis in Gastric Cancer Survivors Compared to General Population Control: A Study with Representative Korean Population

Jeong SM, Shin DW, Lee JE, Jin SM, Kim S

PURPOSE: Although several studies have suggested that osteoporosis is common in survivors of gastric cancer (GC), no study to date has directly assessed the risk for osteoporosis in GC survivors...
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Association between vitamin D intake and bone mineral density in Koreans aged ≥ 50 years: analysis of the 2009 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey using a newly established vitamin D database

Yoo KO, Kim MJ, Ly SY

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D plays an important role in skeletal growth and maintenance and in the prevention of various diseases. We investigated the relationship between vitamin D intake and bone mineral...
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Predictors of fragility fracture and low bone mineral density in patients with a history of parental fracture

Dey M, Bukhari M

OBJECTIVES: Bone mineral density (BMD) and fragility fracture (FF) have high heritability, but few data exist on impact of other factors on families with fracture history. We aimed to evaluate...
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Association between Body Fat and Bone Mineral Density in Normal-Weight Middle-Aged Koreans

Kim DH, Lim H, Chang S, Kim JN, Roh YK, Choi MK

BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis and osteopenia are characterized by reduced bone mineral density (BMD) and increased fracture risk. Although the risk of fractures is higher in underweight people than in overweight people,...
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