J Korean Epilepsy Soc.  2001 Dec;5(2):119-123.

Effect of the Ketogenic Diet on Flurothyl-Induced Seizure Susceptibility

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Inje University College of Medicine & Ilsan Paik Hospital, Gouang, Korea. dwkim@ilsanpaik.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Pediatrics, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Department of Neurology, Chungnam National University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE: Despite decades of clinical experience with the ketogenic diet (KD), its efficacy and mechanisms of action have been examined in few animal studies. The present study was designed to investigate the effect of a KD on flurothyl-induced seizure susceptibility in rats.
METHODS
Twenty male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into two equal groups. Dietary treatment was initiated at P39. The experimental group was fasted for a day and then fed a KD consisting of [fat] : [protein + carbohydrate] ratio of 4.3 : 1, while the control group was fed a standard rodent chow. On treatment day 21, blood beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) levels were assayed and seizures were chemically induced by flurothyl (40 micro l/min). Seizure susceptibility was defined as the latency from the start of flurothyl infusion to the onset of a generalized seizure (loss of posture with bilateral hindlimb tonic extension). Shorter latencies reflect greater seizure susceptibility.
RESULTS
Blood BHB levels in the KD-treated group were significantly higher than those of the control group (4.75+/-0.38 [n=10] vs. 0.19+/-0.02 [n=10] mM, respectively ; p<0.01). The latencies to the onset of a generalized seizure were 673.2+/-32.95 [n=10] and 523.0+/-31.11 [n=10] seconds for the KD-treated and control groups, respectively (p<0.01).
CONCLUSION
This study demonstrates the significant decrease in the susceptibility of flurothyl-induced seizure in the KD-treated rats. Furthermore, we have established a working animal model from which future mechanistic studies can be based.

Keyword

Ketogenic diet; Flurothyl; Seizure susceptibility; beta-Hydroxybutyrate; Rat
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