J Korean Endocr Soc.  2008 Aug;23(4):260-265.

A Case of Panhypopituitarism and Central Diabetes Insipidus Caused by Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Ajou University School of MedicineKorea.
  • 2Department of Hematology-Oncology, Ajou University School of MedicineKorea.
  • 3Department of Neurosurgery, Ajou University School of MedicineKorea.
  • 4Department of Pathology, Ajou University School of MedicineKorea.
  • 5Department of Radiology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Korea.

Abstract

Primary central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma is an uncommon neoplasm. However, the incidence of primary CNS lymphoma has increased more than 10-fold over the past three decades, and continues to accelerate. Currently, primary CNS lymphoma represents 4 to 7 percent of all newly diagnosed primary CNS tumors. Primary CNS lymphoma may arise from different parts of the brain, with deep hemispheric periventricular white matter being the most common site of origin. The presenting symptoms in primary CNS lymphoma vary depending on the location of the mass. Involvement of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis may cause hypopituitarism, diabetes insipidus, headache, diplopia, and blurred vision.

Keyword

central diabetes insipidus; panhypopituitarism; primary CNS lymphoma

MeSH Terms

Axis, Cervical Vertebra
Brain
Central Nervous System
Diabetes Insipidus
Diabetes Insipidus, Neurogenic
Diplopia
Headache
Humans
Hypopituitarism
Incidence
Lymphoma
Vision, Ocular
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