J Korean Acad Nurs Adm.  2015 Mar;21(2):203-211. 10.11111/jkana.2015.21.2.203.

Job Satisfaction, Organizational Commitment and Turnover Intention among Male Nurses

  • 1Design Hospital, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, Research Institute of Nursing Science, Chonbuk National University, Korea. leemh@jbnu.ac.kr


This study aimed to investigate job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover intention among male nurses in South Korea.
Data were collected in May, 2013 and a total of 150 male hospital nurses participated in this study. Job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover intention were measured using a structured questionnaire. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS/WIN 20.0 for windows.
There were statistically significant correlations between job satisfaction and organizational commitment (r=.74, p<.001), job satisfaction and turnover intention (r=-.56, p<.001), and organizational commitment and turnover intention (r=-.69, p< .001). There was a statistically significant difference in job satisfaction of participants according to education, work unit, and salary. Organizational commitment showed significant difference according to age, education, work unit, and salary. Turnover intention was significantly different according to duration of employment in the hospital, and salary. The most influential factor for turnover intention was organizational commitment (beta=-.69, p<.001). This factor accounted for 47.8% of the variance in turnover intention.
The results of this study indicate that to reduce turnover intention for men in nursing, it is necessary to increase job satisfaction, and organizational commitment.


Job satisfaction; Organizational commitment; Turnover intention; Male nurse

MeSH Terms

Job Satisfaction*
Nurses, Male*
Surveys and Questionnaires
Salaries and Fringe Benefits

Cited by  1 articles

A Prediction Model on the Male Nurses’ Turnover Intention
Su Ol Kim, Younhee Kang
Korean J Adult Nurs. 2016;28(5):585-594.    doi: 10.7469/kjan.2016.28.5.585.


1. Korean Nurses Association. Current Status of male nurse emissions [Internet]. Seoul: Korean Nurses Association;cited 2014 May 8. Available from: http://www.nursenews.co.kr/Article/ArticleDetailView.asp?typ=3&articleKey=1347.
2. Fisher MJ. Being a chameleon: Labour processes of male nurses performing bodywork. J Adv Nurs. 2009; 65(12):2668–2677.
3. Poliafico JK. Nursing's gender gap. RN. 1998; 61(10):39–42.
4. Lim JY, Park ES, Park YJ. Effects of job satisfaction and organizational commitment on nurse's turnover intention in the social welfare facilities. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm. 2004; 10(2):185–193.
5. Kang KH, Park SA. Relationship between perception for appraisal of perioperative nurses and performance and organizational commitment. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm. 2011; 17(2):189–197.
6. Peltier J, Nill A, Schibrowsky JA. Internal marketing, nurse loyalty and relationship marketing: An exploratory study of German nurses. Health Mark Q. 2003; 20(4):63–82. DOI: 10.1300/J026v20n04_05.
7. Chen SH, Fu CM, Li RH, Lou JH, Yu HY. Relationships among social support, professional empowerment, and nursing career development of male nurses: A cross-sectional analysis. West J Nurs Res. 2012; 34(7):862–882. DOI: 10.1177/0193945910384603.
8. Lou JH, Yu HY, Hsu HY, Dai HD. A study of role stress, organizational commitment and intention to quit among male nurses in Southern Taiwan. J Nurs Res. 2007; 15(1):43–53.
9. An ES, Chu SK. Study on male nurses' gender stereotype and job satisfaction. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm. 2011; 17(1):14–21. DOI: 10.11111/jkana.2011.17.1.14.
10. Lee KJ. The relationship among gender role conflict, job satisfaction and organizational commitment in male nurses [masters thesis]. Seoul: Ewha Womans University;2013.
11. Lee SY. Study on job satisfaction and intentions of turnover of male nurses [masters thesis]. Seoul: Hanyang University;2004.
12. Lee SS. The effects of male nurses of hospital organization culture on the level of job satisfaction [masters thesis]. Seoul: The Catholic University of Korea;2010.
13. McCloskey JC, McCain BE. Satisfaction, commitment and professionalism of newly employed nurses. Image J Nurs Sch. 1987; 19(1):20–24. DOI: 10.1111/j.1547-5069.1987.tb00581.x.
14. Taylor JC, Bowers DG. The survey of organizations: Toward a machine-scored standardized questionnaire instrument. Ann Arbor, Mich: University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Center for Research on Utilization of Scientific Knowledge;1970.
15. Lee MH. Relationship between organizational culture types and organizational effectiveness in hospitals. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm. 1998; 4(2):363–385.
16. Mowday RT, Steers RM, Porter LW. The measurement of organizational commitment. J Vocat Behav. 1979; 14:224–247. DOI: 10.1016/0001-8791(79)90072-1.
17. Lawler EE. Satisfaction and behavior. In : Hackman JR, Lawler EE, editors. Perspectives on behavior in organizations. New York: McGraw-Hill;1983. p. 78–97.
18. Park HS. Relationship between perceived nursing care role orientation, job characteristics, and turnover among nurses [masters thesis]. Seoul: Yonsei University;2002.
19. Choi JH. Related factors the job satisfaction, burnout and turnover intention of male nurses [masters thesis]. Busan: Dong-a University;2012.
20. Oh EH, Chung BY. The effect of empowerment on nursing performance, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and turnover intention in hospital nurses. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm. 2011; 17(4):391–401. DOI: 10.11111/jkana.2011.17.4.391.
21. Boughn S. Why women and men choose nursing. Nurs Health Care Perspect. 2001; 22(1):14–19. DOI: 10.1043/1094-2831.2001.022.
22. Kang KH, Han YH, Kang SJ. Relationship between organizational communication satisfaction and organizational commitment among hospital nurses. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm. 2012; 18(1):13–22. DOI: 10.11111/jkana.2012.18.1.13.
23. Lee MA. Effect of nurses' perception of reward and organizational commitment on their turnover intention. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm. 2009; 15(3):434–443.
24. Park GJ, Kim YN. Factors influencing organizational commitment among hospital nurses. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm. 2010; 16(3):250–258.
25. Yoon GS, Kim SY. Influences of job stress and burnout on turnover intention of nurses. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm. 2010; 16(4):507–516.
26. Kim JK, Kim MJ. A review of research on hospital nurses turnover intention. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm. 2011; 17(4):538–550.
27. Oh IS, Kim KH, Hwang JO, Yoo TY, Park YA, Park LH. Relationships among job satisfaction, organizational commitment, job performance, and turnover intention: A literature review and meta-analysis with Korean samples. Korean Acad Manage. 2007; 15(4):43–86.
28. Moon SJ, Han SS. A predictive model on turnover intention of nurses in Korea. J Korean Acad Nurs. 2011; 41(5):633–641.
Full Text Links
export Copy
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2023 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr