J Korean Acad Nurs Adm.  2015 Jan;21(1):88-98. 10.11111/jkana.2015.21.1.88.

Organizational Socialization and Intention to Leave in Operating Room Nurses Working at Secondary General University Hospitals

Affiliations
  • 1Bundang CHA General Hospital, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, CHA University, Korea. clara@cha.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
To evaluate the relationship between organizational socialization and intention to leave, and to identify factors affecting on intention to leave in operating room nurses.
METHODS
This study used a descriptive design. Seventy operating room nurses recruited from three hospitals under the same management style, in-service educational system, and working conditions agreed to participate in this study, and completed self-administered questionnaires of the organizational socialization and the intention to leave questionnaire. Respondents were classified by career as advanced beginner, competent practitioner, proficient practitioner and expert practitioner by Benner's stages of nursing proficiency. Data were analyzed with t-test, ANOVA with multiple comparisons, Spearman correlation, and multiple regression analysis.
RESULTS
Nurses unsatisfied with the current in-service continuous education had lower organizational socialization and higher intention to leave. In advanced beginners, job performance was lowest and organizational commitment was highest. In expert practitioners, intention to leave was highest. Organizational commitment, interpersonal relationship, identity and burnout were associated with intention to leave. Mutual trust, burnout, and interpersonal relationship were predictors of intention to leave explained 20.8% of variance.
CONCLUSION
The career ladder program to enhance nurses' organizational socialization and intention to stay should be established and expanded for well-experienced operating room nurses.

Keyword

Operating room; Nurse; Socialization; Intention to leave

MeSH Terms

Career Mobility
Surveys and Questionnaires
Education
Hospitals, University*
Intention*
Nursing
Operating Rooms*
Socialization*
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