J Korean Acad Nurs Adm.  2013 Mar;19(2):187-195.

Relationship of Followership to Organizational Commitment, Job Satisfaction, Turnover Intention, and Customer Orientation in Nurses

Affiliations
  • 1Referral Center, Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, Institute of Health Sciences, Gyeongsang National University, Korea. msjung@gnu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship among followership, organizational commitment, job satisfaction, turnover intention, and customer orientation in hospital nurses.
METHODS
The participants in this study were 210 staff nurses in one university hospital. Data were analyzed using frequency, ANOVA, Pearson correlation analysis, and stepwise multiple regression.
RESULTS
Followership had positive correlations with organizational commitment (r=.46, p<.001), job satisfaction (r=.41, p<.001), customer orientation (r=.47, p<.001). Followership had negative correlation with turnover intention (r=-.23, p<.001). The factor of followership influencing organizational commitment was active engagement, and this factor accounted for 23.3% of explanatory power. The factor of followership influencing job satisfaction was active engagement (F=45.00, p<.001), and this factor accounted for 17.8% of explanatory power. The factor of followership influencing turnover intention was active engagement (F=19.69, p<.001), and this factor accounted for 17.0% of explanatory power. The factors of followership influencing customer orientation were active engagement (F=51.38, p=.004) and independent, critical thinking (F=24.55, p=.011), and these factors accounted for 22.1% of explanatory power.
CONCLUSION
Findings indicate a need to develop followership to promote organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and customer orientation and to decrease turnover intention in nurses.

Keyword

Followership; Organizational commitment; Job satisfaction; Turnover intention; Customer orientation

MeSH Terms

Intention
Job Satisfaction
Orientation
Thinking
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