Clin Pediatr Hematol Oncol.  2007 Oct;14(2):183-191.

Experience of Childhood Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma with Central Nervous System Involvement at Diagnosis

Affiliations
  • 1Pediatric Hematology Oncology Service, Department of Pediatrics, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. cj@yuhs.ac
  • 2Department of Pediatrics, Chung-Ang University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE: Lymphoma is the third most common cancer among children and non-Hodgkin lymphoma accounts for approximately 90% of all lymphomas in children and adolescents in Korea. Central nervous system involvement at diagnosis is uncommon and treatment is not standardized.
METHODS
We retrospectively reviewed the disease characteristics and clinical course in eight patients (six males, two females) having childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma with central nervous system involvement at initial diagnosis.
RESULTS
There were three patients with disseminated central nervous system involvement of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Five patients were diagnosed with primary central nervous system lymphoma. Two patients had no neurologic symptoms. One patient was false negative for cerebrospinal fluid study but positive by imaging study. Another patient was false negative by computerized tomography but positive for cerebrospinal fluid study. Three among four patients treated with high dose methotrexate were alive. Three patients treated with cranial radiotherapy were alive among four patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma.
CONCLUSION
A subset of patients is asymptomatic and central nervous system involvement may be discovered during the assessment of the disease extent. Considering false negative result of studies, imaging studies and cerebrospinal fluid examination should be simultaneously carried out to confirm the central nervous system involvement. High dose methotrexate treatment was active against central nervous system involvement of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and high dose methotrexate and cranial radiotherapy were active against primary central nervous system lymphoma.

Keyword

Central nervous system lymphoma; Non-Hodgkin lymphoma; High dose methotrexate; Brain radiotherapy

MeSH Terms

Adolescent
Central Nervous System*
Cerebrospinal Fluid
Child
Diagnosis*
Humans
Korea
Lymphoma
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin*
Male
Methotrexate
Neurologic Manifestations
Radiotherapy
Retrospective Studies
Methotrexate
Full Text Links
  • CPHO
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2022 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr