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Recent Advances in the Diagnosis and Management of Pneumocystis Pneumonia

Tasaka S

In human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients, Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) is a wellk-nown opportunistic infection and its management has been established. However, PCP is an emerging threat to immunocompromised patients...
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Current Diagnosis and Management of Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis

Leone PM, Richeldi L

Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis (HP) one of the most common interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) is characterized by exposure to an inhaled inciting antigen that leads to a host immunologic reaction determining interstitial...
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False-Negative Results of Real-Time Reverse-Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2: Role of Deep-Learning-Based CT Diagnosis and Insights from Two Cases

Li D, Wang D, Dong J, Wang N, Huang H, Xu H, Xia C

The epidemic of 2019 novel coronavirus, later named as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is still gradually spreading worldwide. The nucleic acid test or genetic sequencing serves as...
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Alzheimer's Disease Diagnosis Using Misfolding Proteins in Blood

Lee H, Ugay D, Hong S, Kim Y

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is pathologically characterized by a long progressive phase of neuronal changes, including accumulation of extracellular amyloid-β (Aβ) and intracellular neurofibrillary tangles, before the onset of observable symptoms....
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Diagnosis and treatment of interstitial lung disease: focusing on idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

Kang HR, Choi SM

Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a rare condition characterized by extensive inflammation and fibrosis mainly involving the pulmonary interstitium or alveoli. Usually, patients with ILD clinically present with chronic cough...
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A prospective study of discrepancy between clinical and pathological diagnosis of appendiceal mucinous neoplasm

Kwak HD, Ju JK

PURPOSE: Appendiceal tumoral lesions can occur as benign, malignant, or borderline disease. Determination of the extent of surgery through accurate diagnosis is important in these tumoral lesions. In this study,...
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The role of antibiotic prophylaxis in mild to moderate isolated hydronephrosis detected in antenatal screening

Rianthavorn P, Phithaklimnuwong S

PURPOSE: To determine whether continuous antibiotic prophylaxis (CAP) could prevent urinary tract infection (UTI) in mild to moderate antenatal isolated hydronephrosis (IH), characterized by hydronephrosis without ureter and bladder abnormalities,...
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Computer-Aided Diagnosis System for the Evaluation of Thyroid Nodules on Ultrasonography: Prospective Non-Inferiority Study according to the Experience Level of Radiologists

Chung SR, Baek JH, Lee MK, Ahn Y, Choi YJ, Sung TY, Song DE, Kim TY, Lee JH

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system for the evaluation of thyroid nodules is non-inferior to radiologists with different levels of experience. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with thyroid nodules...
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Definition, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prognosis of Frozen Shoulder: A Consensus Survey of Shoulder Specialists

Cho CH, Lee YH, Kim DH, Lim YJ, Baek CS, Kim DH

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to identify a consensus on definition, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of frozen shoulder (FS) among shoulder specialists. METHODS: A questionnaire composed of 18 questions...
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Flow Cytometry for the Diagnosis of Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases: A Single Center Experience

Kwon WK, Choi S, Kim HJ, Huh HJ, Kang JM, Kim YJ, Yoo KH, Ahn K, Cho HK, Peck KR, Jang JH, Ki CS, Kang ES

PURPOSE: While there is an urgent need for diagnosis and therapeutic intervention in patients with primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDs), current genetic tests have drawbacks. We retrospectively reviewed the usefulness of...
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Evaluation of the QuantaMatrix Multiplexed Assay Platform for Molecular Diagnosis of Multidrug- and Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis Using Clinical Strains Isolated in Myanmar

Chang Y, Kim S, Kim Y, Ei PW, Hwang D, Lee J, Chang CL, Lee H

BACKGROUND: Although the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) is decreasing, cases of multidrug-resistant (MDR) TB and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) TB continue to increase. As conventional phenotype drug susceptibility testing (pDST) takes...
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Usefulness of Near-infrared Spectroscopy for Diagnosis of Traumatic Intracranial Hemorrhage in Postmortem Inspection

Park JP, Lee TS, Choi M, Yang KM, Park J, Won Y, Choi SG, Lee K, Kim JH, Kang CL, Choi SW

Near-infrared spectroscopy is a device used to determine whether traumatic intracranial hemorrhage has occurred and is primarily used for screening in emergency situations. In this study we examined the applicability...
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Usefulness of Mast Cell Tryptase Analysis for Postmortem Diagnosis of Anaphylactic Shock

Park JP, Koo BY, Lee NW

Anaphylactic shock (AS) is a systemic and life-threatening type I hypersensitivity reaction and is often encountered at an autopsy. However, postmortem diagnosis of AS can be difficult due to non-specific...
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Shear-Wave Elastography of the Breast: Added Value of a Quality Map in Diagnosis and Prediction of the Biological Characteristics of Breast Cancer

Zheng X, Huang Y, Liu Y, Wang Y, Mao R, Li F, Cao L, Zhou J

OBJECTIVE: To determine the added value of a shear-wave elastography (SWE) quality map (QM) in the diagnosis of breast lesions and in predicting the biological characteristics of invasive breast cancer. MATERIALS...
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Paget's Disease of Bone Affecting Peripheral Limb: Difficulties in Diagnosis: A Case Report

Lee JK, Kang YK, Wang PW, Hong SM

In terms of management of Paget's disease of bone (PDB), early diagnosis and proper management achieving remission is essential with lifelong specialist follow-up. We present the case of a 40-year-old...
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Alarm Services as a Useful Tool for Diagnosis and Management of Osteoporosis in Patients with Hip Fractures: A Prospective Observational Multicenter Study

Ok HS, Kim WS, Ha YC, Lim JY, Jung CW, Lee YK, Koo KH

BACKGROUND: Alarm services in the Order Communication System improve awareness for related physicians including orthopaedic surgeons, internal medicine doctors, and other relevent doctors. This prospective observational multicenter study was to...
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Updates of Diagnosis and Treatment of Sleep-Related Breathing Disorders-Focusing on Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Lee YJ

This paper reviews the updated findings, including the current clinical guidelines and recent research trends, on the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a common sleep disorder...
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Updates on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome

Kang SG

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a neurological sleep disorder characterized by an urge to move the legs or arms and is associated with discomfort and paresthesia in the legs. RLS...
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Recent Advances in Diagnosis and Treatment of Insomnia Disorder

Kim SJ

The diagnostic concepts of insomnia are controversial. New diagnostic criteria of insomnia disorder have been published in the International Classification of Sleep Disorders (ICSD-3) and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual...
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Recent Advances in Diagnosis and Treatment of Sleep Disorders

Kim SJ

No abstract available.
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